HRT - Hormone Replacement Therapy in Lower Manhattan, NY

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 HRT For Men Lower Manhattan, NY

What Causes Menopause?

The most common reason for menopause is the natural decline in a female's reproductive hormones. However, menopause can also result from the following situations:

Oophorectomy: This surgery, which removes a woman's ovaries, causes immediate menopause. Symptoms and signs of menopause in this situation can be severe, as the hormonal changes happen abruptly.

Chemotherapy: Cancer treatments like chemotherapy can induce menopause quickly, causing symptoms to appear shortly after or even during treatment.

Ovarian Insufficiency: Also called premature ovarian failure, this condition is essentially premature menopause. It happens when a woman's ovaries quit functioning before the age of 40 and can stem from genetic factors and disease. Only 1% of women suffer from premature menopause, but HRT can help protect the heart, brain, and bones.

 Human Growth Hormone Lower Manhattan, NY


If you're a woman going through menopause and find that you have become increasingly depressed, you're not alone. It's estimated that 15% of women experience depression to some degree while going through menopause. What many women don't know is that depression can start during perimenopause, or the years leading up to menopause.

Depression can be hard to diagnose, especially during perimenopause and menopause. However, if you notice the following signs, it might be time to speak with a physician:

  • Mood Swings
  • Inappropriate Guilt
  • Chronic Fatigue
  • Too Much or Too Little Sleep
  • Lack of Interest in Life
  • Overwhelming Feelings

Remember, if you're experiencing depression, you're not weak or broken - you're going through a very regular emotional experience. The good news is that with proper treatment from your doctor, depression isn't a death sentence. And with HRT and anti-aging treatment for women, depression could be the catalyst you need to enjoy a new lease on life.

 HRT For Women Lower Manhattan, NY

Hot Flashes

Hot flashes - they're one of the most well-known symptoms of menopause. Hot flashes are intense, sudden feelings of heat across a woman's upper body. Some last second, while others last minutes, making them incredibly inconvenient and uncomfortable for most women.

Symptoms of hot flashes include:

  • Sudden, Overwhelming Feeling of Heat
  • Anxiety
  • High Heart Rate
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness

Typically, hot flashes are caused by a lack of estrogen. Low estrogen levels negatively affect a woman's hypothalamus, the part of the brain that controls body temperature and appetite. Low estrogen levels cause the hypothalamus to incorrectly assume the body is too hot, dilating blood vessels to increase blood flow. Luckily, most women don't have to settle for the uncomfortable feelings that hot flashes cause. HRT treatments for women often stabilize hormones, lessening the effects of hot flashes and menopause in general.

 Ipamorelin Lower Manhattan, NY

Mood Swings

Mood swings are common occurrences for most people - quick shifts from happy to angry and back again, triggered by a specific event. And while many people experience mood swings, they are particularly common for women going through menopause. That's because, during menopause, the female's hormones are often imbalanced. Hormone imbalances and mood swings go hand-in-hand, resulting in frequent mood changes and even symptoms like insomnia.

The rate of production of estrogen, a hormone that fluctuates during menopause, largely determines the rate of production the hormone serotonin, which regulates mood, causing mood swings.

Luckily, HRT and anti-aging treatments in Lower Manhattan, NY for women work wonders for mood swings by regulating hormone levels like estrogen. With normal hormone levels, women around the world are now learning that they don't have to settle for mood swings during menopause.

 Sermorelin Lower Manhattan, NY

Weight Gain

Staying fit and healthy is hard for anyone living in modern America. However, for women with hormone imbalances during perimenopause or menopause, weight gain is even more serious. Luckily, HRT treatments for women coupled with a physician-led diet can help keep weight in check. But which hormones need to be regulated?

  • Estrogen: During menopause, estrogen levels are depleted. As such, the body must search for other sources of estrogen. Because estrogen is stored in fat, your body believes it should increase fat production during menopause. Estrogen also plays a big part in insulin resistance, which can make it even harder to lose weight and keep it off.
  • Progesterone: Progesterone levels are also depleted during menopause. Progesterone depletion causes bloating and water retention, while loss of testosterone limits the body's ability to burn calories.
  • Ongoing Stress: Stress makes our bodies think that food is hard to come by, putting our bodies in "survival mode". When this happens, cortisol production is altered. When cortisol timing changes, the energy in the bloodstream is diverted toward making fat. With chronic stress, this process repeatedly happens, causing extensive weight gain during menopause.
 HRT Lower Manhattan, NY

Low Libido

Lowered sexual desire - three words most men and women hate to hear. Unfortunately, for many women in perimenopausal and menopausal states, it's just a reality of life. Thankfully, today, HRT and anti-aging treatments Lower Manhattan, NY can help women maintain a normal, healthy sex drive. But what causes low libido in women, especially as they get older?

The hormones responsible for low libido in women are progesterone, estrogen, and testosterone.

Progesterone production decreases during perimenopause, causing low sex drive in women. Lower progesterone production can also cause chronic fatigue, weight gain, and other symptoms. On the other hand, lower estrogen levels during menopause lead to vaginal dryness and even vaginal atrophy or loss of muscle tension.

Lastly, testosterone plays a role in lowered libido. And while testosterone is often grouped as a male hormone, it contributes to important health and regulatory functionality in women. A woman's testosterone serves to heighten sexual responses and enhances orgasms. When the ovaries are unable to produce sufficient levels of testosterone, it often results in a lowered sex drive.

 Hormone Replacement Lower Manhattan, NY

Vaginal Dryness

Often uncomfortable and even painful, vaginal dryness is a serious problem for sexually active women. However, like hair loss in males, vaginal dryness is very common - almost 50% of women suffer from it during menopause.

Getting older is just a part of life, but that doesn't mean you have to settle for the side effects. HRT and anti-aging treatments for women correct vaginal dryness by re-balancing estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. When supplemented with diet and healthy living, your vagina's secretions are normalized, causing discomfort to recede.

Hormone Replacement Therapy Lower Manhattan, NY


Uterine fibroids - they're perhaps the least-known symptom of menopause and hormone imbalances in women. That's because these growths on the uterus are often symptom-free. Unfortunately, these growths can be cancerous, presenting a danger for women as they age.

Many women will have fibroids at some point. Because they're symptomless, they're usually found during routine doctor exams. Some women only get one or two, while others may have large clusters of fibroids. Because fibroids are usually caused by hormone imbalances, hysterectomies have been used as a solution, forcing women into early menopause.

Advances in HRT and anti-aging medicine for women give females a safer, non-surgical option without having to experience menopause early. At Global Life Rejuvenation, our expert physicians will implement a customized HRT program to stabilize your hormones and reduce the risk of cancerous fibroid growth.

 HRT For Men Lower Manhattan, NY


Endometriosis symptoms are much like the effects of PMS, and include pelvic pain, fatigue, cramping, and bloating. While doctors aren't entirely sure what causes this painful, uncomfortable condition, most agree that hormones - particularly xenoestrogens - play a factor.

Endometriosis symptoms are much like the effects of PMS and include pelvic pain, fatigue, cramping, and bloating. While doctors aren't entirely sure what causes this painful, uncomfortable condition, most agree that hormones - particularly xenoestrogens - play a factor.

Xenoestrogen is a hormone that is very similar to estrogen. Too much xenoestrogen is thought to stimulate endometrial tissue growth. HRT for women helps balance these hormones and, when used with a custom nutrition program, can provide relief for women across the U.S.

 Sermorelin Lower Manhattan, NY

What is Sermorelin?

Sermorelin is a synthetic hormone peptide, like GHRH, which triggers the release of growth hormones. When used under the care of a qualified physician, Sermorelin can help you lose weight, increase your energy levels, and help you feel much younger.

 HRT Lower Manhattan, NY

Benefits of Sermorelin

Human growth hormone (HGH) therapy has been used for years to treat hormone deficiencies. Unlike HGH, which directly replaces declining human growth hormone levels, Sermorelin addresses the underlying cause of decreased HGH, stimulating the pituitary gland naturally. This approach keeps the mechanisms of growth hormone production active.

  • Benefits of Sermorelin include:
  • Better Immune Function
  • Improved Physical Performance
  • More Growth Hormone Production
  • Less Body Fat
  • Build More Lean Muscle
  • Better Sleep
 Hormone Replacement Lower Manhattan, NY

What is Ipamorelin?

Ipamorelin helps to release growth hormones in a person's body by mimicking a peptide called ghrelin. Ghrelin is one of three hormones which work together to regulate the growth hormone levels released by the pituitary gland. Because Ipamorelin stimulates the body to produce growth hormone, your body won't stop its natural growth hormone production, which occurs with synthetic HGH.

Ipamorelin causes growth hormone secretion that resembles natural release patterns rather than being constantly elevated from HGH. Because ipamorelin stimulates the natural production of growth hormone, our patients can use this treatment long-term with fewer health risks.

Hormone Replacement Therapy Lower Manhattan, NY

Benefits of Ipamorelin

One of the biggest benefits of Ipamorelin is that it provides significant short and long-term benefits in age management therapies. Ipamorelin can boost a patient's overall health, wellbeing, and outlook on life.

When there is an increased concentration of growth hormone by the pituitary gland, there are positive benefits to the body. Some benefits include:

  • Powerful Anti-Aging Properties
  • More Muscle Mass
  • Less Unsightly Body Fat
  • Deep, Restful Sleep
  • Increased Athletic Performance
  • More Energy
  • Less Recovery Time for Training Sessions and Injuries
  • Enhanced Overall Wellness and Health
  • No Significant Increase in Cortisol

Your New, Youthful Lease on Life with HRT for Women

Whether you are considering our HRT and anti-aging treatments for women in Lower Manhattan, NY, we are here to help. The first step to reclaiming your life begins by contacting Global Life Rejuvenation. Our friendly, knowledgeable HRT experts can help answer your questions and walk you through our procedures. From there, we'll figure out which treatments are right for you. Before you know it, you'll be well on your way to looking and feeling better than you have in years!


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Latest News in Lower Manhattan, NY

Watch live: State of Emergency in effect as storm brings flooding, damage to New York City and beyond

NEW YORK - New York Gov. Kathy Hochul declared a state of emergency across New York City, Long Island and the Hudson Valley as Friday's strong storm has brought flooding and damage across the area....

NEW YORK - New York Gov. Kathy Hochul declared a state of emergency across New York City, Long Island and the Hudson Valley as Friday's strong storm has brought flooding and damage across the area.

Significant flooding was reported throughout parts of Brooklyn and beyond. Parked cars were seen partially submerged in water. Some sidewalks were submerged.

Mayor Eric Adams is expected to hold a briefing on the storm at around 11 a.m. We will bring that to you live on CBS News New York and WCBS-TV.

By 10:30 a.m., more than four inches of water had fallen in Central Park.

"My team & I are aware of widespread flooding & dangerous conditions across [Brooklyn]. Like many [New Yorkers], we've spent our mornings stranded on subways & buses, but we're in communication [with] the offices of the mayor & governor & monitoring where conditions are worst," Brooklyn Borough President Antonio Reynoso wrote on X, formerly known as Twitter.

Reports of damage and flooding were numerous across the city.

Around 8:30 a.m., emergency responders were on the scene of a partial roof collapse at a warehouse in Lexington Avenue between Classon and Franklin Avenues in Brooklyn. Fortunately all workers at the warehouse were accounted for, according to the FDNY.

In Windsor Terrace, the FDNY said firefighters rescued a person in danger of drowning in a basement of an apartment building at Sherman Street near Greenwood Avenue.

Heavy rain brought flooding conditions at Walton Street between Union and Harrison Avenues. Water have overtaken the sidewalk and appeared to partially flood parked cars there.

Significant flooding was reported in southern Brooklyn. Video posted to X also showed flooding near Atlantic Avenue and Pacific Street.

At Smith and Ninth Street, there was major flooding.

The flooding and damage and impact wasn't limited to just Brooklyn, of course.

The FDR was closed in both directions at Delancey Street in Manhattan due to flooding

The Belt Parkway was also closed in both directions at Exit 6 - Cropsey Avenue, the NYPD said.

There were extensive disruptions to subway and other mass transit service

Stay with us as we continue to cover this significant storm.

State of emergency in New York City as flash flooding inundates area


Flooding forced the closure of the FDR Drive at Delancey Street in both directions in Lower Manhattan. The Metropolitan Transit Authority warned of major service disruptions and suspended service on several subway lines.

Gov. Kathy Hochul (D) declared a state of emergency across New York City, Long Island and into the Hudson Valley, urging residents to refrain from traveling on flooded roads.

As of 10 a.m., flash flood warnings were in effect across parts of Brooklyn, Manhattan and Queens, as well as northern New Jersey, western Long Island and Upstate areas including Rockland and southern Westchester counties, as well as southwestern Connecticut.

Social media video showed significant flooding in southern parts of Brooklyn, where some roads were becoming impassable. The National Weather Service received reports of multiple vehicles stranded in floodwaters. The agency also obtained reports of flooding in northeastern New Jersey in Monmouth County.

Flooding also spread north of New York City. The Weather Service received a report of lane closures in Hawthorne, N.Y., which is just north of White Plains.

Major flooding in Brooklyn today. Trains shut down and the only way out of the station is through this.

— Seth Chinnis (@sethchinnis) September 29, 2023

UNDER WATER: Brooklyn Queens Expressway

— NYScanner (@nyscanner) September 29, 2023

The overarching setup is one that’s notoriously difficult for forecasters to handle. While soaking rains were spreading over a broad area, the most exceptional rains, which could total 6 inches or more within 24 hours in some spots, were limited to small zones of New York City.

“Areas that are prone to flash flooding across the New York Metro Area will likely experience flash flooding today, so turn around [and] don’t drown,” cautioned the National Weather Service’s Weather Prediction Center.

That group drew a Level 3 out of 4 “moderate risk” of flash flooding and excessive rainfall around New York City, warning that “there will be thunderstorms with heavy rainfall and serious flash flooding concerns over parts of the northern Mid-Atlantic and Northeast.”

Particularly concerning is the fact that overnight downpours left the ground sodden and waterlogged before the heaviest rain began. That primed the ground for being unable to handle additional waters, dramatically boosting the flood risk.

By 10:30 a.m., JFK International Airport logged 4.55 inches of rain, with 3.6 inches at LaGuardia International Airport. More than 4 inches had fallen at Central Park in Manhattan, and nearly 2 inches fell between 9 and 10 a.m. alone.

The New York Mesonet, a group of weather stations in the state, showed amounts as high as 6.26 inches in Brooklyn.

It appeared that at least some lull in the rainfall was likely by late morning in New York City, but the remainder of the Hudson and Connecticut River Valleys was stuck beneath a solid slug of drenching rains.

Ophelia’s leftovers to drench Northeast as Philippe and Rina roam tropics

A flood watch remains in effect through Saturday morning as additional waves of downpours continue to lift north.

Sparking the rain is a rather atypical setup known as an “inverted trough.” A larger parent low pressure system is present off the Outer Banks of the Carolinas, but from that low protrudes a more concentrated, intense strip of low pressure and converging winds. That feature juts out to the north, brushing up against the New York City metro area.

The convergence, or gathering of air, along that “inverted trough” forces air upward, spawning a band of heavy downpours. Plus it pushes them to the northwest, where they unload their moisture over land.

Additional moisture is being swirled north from the subtropical Atlantic courtesy of an approaching upper-level low, or a bowling ball of high altitude cold air, low pressure and spin. That will further feed downpours.

There is some potential for offshore convection, or thunderstorm activity, to rob near-shore downpours of moisture. That would be helpful to Long Island City and southern Connecticut, since it would cut back on how much more precipitation is to come. Still, it’s very likely that a wide region surrounding the Big Apple will net between 3 and 5 inches of rain, with a few folks picking up in excess of 7 inches.

As the main offshore low pressure system deepens, or intensifies, east of the Mid-Atlantic Friday night, another resurgence of downpours could occur. That will be due to deformation, or stretching of air at the mid-levels, on the low pressure system’s back side. That stretching will further enhance upward motion, supporting a continued risk of downpours.

The disturbed weather off the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast coasts feeding this rainstorm can actually be traced to Tropical Storm Ophelia, which dissipated over the area.

Jason Samenow contributed to this report.


What’s New in Lower Manhattan

Lower Manhattan Major Openings PAC NYC1 Liberty Plaza – Opening Fall 2023Opening this fall, the Performing Arts Center will redefine Lower Manhattan as a prime cultural destination. The PAC will be a one-of-a-kind multidisciplinary space, with the latest theatrical design, technology and boundary-pushing work located at the World Trade Center. Leading international artists in theater, dance, music, film, and chamber and new opera will inspire, entertain, and unite us.Cent...

Lower Manhattan Major Openings

PAC NYC1 Liberty Plaza – Opening Fall 2023

Opening this fall, the Performing Arts Center will redefine Lower Manhattan as a prime cultural destination. The PAC will be a one-of-a-kind multidisciplinary space, with the latest theatrical design, technology and boundary-pushing work located at the World Trade Center. Leading international artists in theater, dance, music, film, and chamber and new opera will inspire, entertain, and unite us.

Century 2122 Cortlandt Street – Opened May 2023

After shuttering all 13 of its locations in November 2020, including the much-loved Lower Manhattan flagship, the famed retailer has reopened in its original downtown store. The new iteration has nearly the same footprint as its predecessor, spanning 100,000 square feet over four floors, and maintains its core mission of offering designer apparel at great prices. The Lower Manhattan flagship has been a fixture of the downtown shopping experience, marrying old world New York glamor with the city’s signature hustle.

Hall des Lumières 49 Chambers Street – Opened September 2022

Hall des Lumières is the largest permanent digital art center in New York City. Located in the historic Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank, the exhibition seamlessly showcases legendary works across the Beaux-Arts architecture. Its three exhibition areas span 31,000 square feet. The center opened with its inaugural exhibition Gustav Klimt: Gold in Motion. Destination COSMOS: The Immersive Space Experience is currently on exhibit through June 4th, 2023, with participation from NASA.

Lower Manhattan Retail Updates

PrintempsOne Wall Street – Opening Spring 2024

Luxury French department store Printemps will open its first US location at One Wall Street in spring 2024. The store will span 54,365 square feet over two levels. This space will include the landmarked Red Room, one of only 50 interior landmarks in New York City. The brand has commissioned internationally multi-awarded Parisian interior designer, Laura Gonzalez, as the architect on the project with the aim to create a ‘Paris meets New York’ design.

Lower Manhattan Restaurants + Bars Updates

SAGA70 Pine Street

Located on the top floor of Art Deco masterpiece building 70 Pine, SAGA has recently been awarded 2 MichelinStars in the year since being opened by James Kent and Jeff Katz, the duo behind Crown Shy, on the ground floor of the same building, This restaurant has a sensational multicourse seasonal tasting menu, and exquisite views of Manhattan. Overstory, an elegant cocktail bar, sits above SAGA on the picturesque 64th floor.

The Tin Building96 South Street – Opened Fall 2022

Located on the site of The Seaport’s famed Fulton Fish Market, the Tin Building is a new culinary destination curated by acclaimed celebrity chef Jean-Georges Vongerichten. The 53,000-square food mecca offers two floors of “immersive concepts,” multiple restaurants and a market where you can buy everything from locally-sourced seafood and meats to fresh produce and specialty items. Fans of Jean-Georges can also find his first seafood restaurant, celebrated spot The Fulton, at The Seaport.

Smyth Tavern85 West Broadway – Opened Fall 2022

This 100-seat restaurant is attached to the Smyth Hotel and is the third restaurant from John Mcdonald’s Mercer Street Hospitality group. Featuring fresh fish, raw bar, dry-aged steaks, homemade pastas and a specialty burger. The dining room is adorned with a rotating collection of artwork curated from local Downtown galleries.

Sixpoint BreweryBrookfield Place – Opening Late 2023

Popular Brooklyn-based craft beer brand Sixpoint Brewery is set to open a 7,500 square-foot taproom, including a 2,500 square-foot outdoor beer garden at 200 Liberty Street in Brookfield Place.

Lower Manhattan Attractions Updates

Court 1628 Liberty Street – Opening Summer 2023

A family-friendly, membership based tennis and pickleball facility with programming for adults and children is expected to open its first Manhattan outpost this summer in a 7,000 square-foot facility at 28 Liberty Street.

QC NY Spa on Governors IslandOpened Q2 2022

A luxury spa with amenities including relaxation rooms, saunas, massages, wellness water experiences and outdoor thermal pools with stunning 360-degree views of Manhattan, bookable for day trips year round. Governors Island is also home to fields of hammocks, hills of slides, incredible arts programming, and plenty of food options — including Island Oyster, which was nominated for a James Beard Foundation 2019 award for Best Restaurant Design.

Pier 17

The popular Summer Concert Series at this dramatic rooftop venue is back and bigger than ever, with Summer 2023’s lineup including Coheed and Cambria, T-Pain, Macklemore, the Pixies and Modest Mouse. Kicking off in May and running through September, enjoy one-of-kind, cutting edge experiences featuring everything from pop to comedy — plus views that can’t be beat.

Pier 11

Ferry routes connecting Lower Manhattan to all five boroughs leave from Pier 11: Lower East Side, the Bronx, Astoria, Bay Ridge, Sunset Park, North Brooklyn and the Rockaway beaches and now St. George on Staten Island.

Lower Manhattan Hotel News + Updates

Warren Street Hotel86 Warren Street – Opening Early 2024

The third property from Firmdale Hotels in New York City, the Warren Street hotel will feature 57 individually designed rooms and suites as well as 12 exclusive residences.

33 Seaport Hotel33 Peck Slip – Opened Q1 2023

Located in the exciting Seaport area, close to the Tin Building and Pier 17, the hotel features 66 guest rooms and suites, including eight premium rooms offering private outdoor space inviting guests to take in breathtaking panoramic views of the East River, Brooklyn Bridge and the iconic New York City skyline.

The Wall Street Hotel88 Wall Street – Opened Summer 2022

The Wall Street Hotel is home to 180 individually-designed guest rooms with interiors inspired by classic New York residences and featuring robust technology amenities, curated libraries, eclectic objects, and original artworks. The hotel features architecture by Stonehill Taylor, interiors by Rose Ink Workshop, and signature restaurant design by Charles & Co.

Casa Cipriani10 South Street

As part of the redevelopment of the historic Battery Maritime Building, the third and fourth floors of Casa Cipriani feature a 47 room boutique hotel with many suites and balconies overlooking the Brooklyn Bridge and the Statue of Liberty. A new fifth-floor glass addition houses a private membership club with a jazz lounge, bars, and a restaurant.

Residence Inn by Marriott + Courtyard by Marriott215 Pearl Street

Tour operators, groups, and travelers on more of a mid-price budget have yet another option in Lower Manhattan with the recent opening of a combo Residence Inn/Courtyard by Marriott which features approximately 320 guest rooms, generous amenities and excellent access to all of the nearby sites.

Lower Manhattan welcomed 12.1 million unique visitors in 2022 as domestic travel returned and most international travel restrictions were lifted. The neighborhood has swiftly become a destination of choice to base a stay in New York City. And with 9,343 rooms in 44 hotels and 5 more in the pipeline, there have never been more options within our one square mile. Popular luxury properties include the Beekman Hotel, the Four Seasons, and the Conrad New York Downtown. A number of new hotels have opened since the start of the pandemic, including Casa Cipriani and The Wall Street Hotel, which both offer some of the finest hotel stays in all of New York City.

See all hotels here.

Tags: Hotels, openings, travel

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Post-9/11 development agency to wind down at last

For two decades, critics have called for the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation to be shut down.At one point, the organization’s leaders even announced they were closing up shop. “The LMDC had a mission and we’re nearing the end of the mission,” then-chair Kevin Rampe ...

For two decades, critics have called for the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation to be shut down.

At one point, the organization’s leaders even announced they were closing up shop. “The LMDC had a mission and we’re nearing the end of the mission,” then-chair Kevin Rampe told the New York Times. That was in 2006.

The agency, formed in the wake of 9/11 to rebuild the area, forged on even as Mayor Michael Bloomberg campaigned to dismantle it. In 2008, on the seventh anniversary of the terrorist attack, the mayor, frustrated at the pace of rebuilding, called the office part of a “multilayered governance structure that has undermined accountability from the get-go.”

But now, following an agreement to build 1,200 apartments at 5 World Trade Center, the LMDC is winding down. For real, this time.

The plan is for the state’s Empire State Development to absorb the agency by March, according to state officials. The LMDC needs to still technically exist because it is a conduit for federal grants for the Perelman Performing Arts Center, Pier 42 and other projects — even the restoration of a centuries-old wooden ship excavated just south of where the Twin Towers stood.

“For over two decades, LMDC has steadfastly led the rebuilding of the World Trade Center site, resulting in the dynamic community it is today,” a spokesperson for the governor said in a statement. The 5 WTC agreement “represents Governor Hochul’s commitment to ensure LMDC completes the original vision of what Ground Zero should become.”

Officials have long talked about shifting the agency’s responsibilities to the state. In 2011, Gov. Andrew Cuomo called for the consolidation of the LMDC and another Empire State Development subsidiary, the Moynihan Station Corporation.

The LMDC was launched in November 2001 by Gov. George Pataki and Mayor Rudy Giuliani to oversee the redevelopment of the World Trade Center and help coordinate city and state efforts. By one count, 19 public agencies were involved with that effort.

As with much about the massive redevelopment, the LMDC’s history is complicated, involving competing political interests across five gubernatorial administrations and four mayors.

“This entity was set up at a time of extraordinary crisis and distress,” said Alicia Glen, a former deputy mayor under Bill de Blasio who has served on the LMDC board for nine years. She said the agency’s role evolved from “reactionary crisis management,” to a planning agency to a mainly transactional entity.

While elected officials repeatedly called for its dissolution, the agency had powerful defenders, including the late Assembly speaker Sheldon Silver. His arrest in 2015 on corruption charges triggered new calls for the agency to close.

Disagreements between the LMDC and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey delayed the progress of 5 World Trade Center. The former wanted to allow a mixed-use project, including residential, while the latter pushed for office use. The two agencies eventually agreed to let developers pitch either project type. (Residential won out.)

Beyond the legal need to have an entity that federal funds could pass through, the LMDC gave the city a seat at the table in determining the future of the World Trade Center sites.

“It was a place and a space where various stakeholders had to come together to make a deal,” Glen said. “I think that LMDC played an incredibly important role in maintaining continuity and just trying to be focused on the site being rebuilt.”

Rain Wreaks Havoc on New York’s Mass Transit System

Flooding shut down half of New York City’s subway lines on Friday, sending travelers scrambling to reach their destinations as they waded through the flooded streets and train stations.The rain poured so intensely at times that commuters stood on the benches inside bus shelters to avoid the floodwaters. Transit workers were evacuating subway stations while maintenance crews pumped thousands of gallons of water a minute from subway tunnels.Gov. Kathy Hochul called the bad weather a “life-threatening rainfall event,&r...

Flooding shut down half of New York City’s subway lines on Friday, sending travelers scrambling to reach their destinations as they waded through the flooded streets and train stations.

The rain poured so intensely at times that commuters stood on the benches inside bus shelters to avoid the floodwaters. Transit workers were evacuating subway stations while maintenance crews pumped thousands of gallons of water a minute from subway tunnels.

Gov. Kathy Hochul called the bad weather a “life-threatening rainfall event,” as transit officials urged riders to stay home.

“There’s children who use the subway to get home from school,” Ms. Hochul said during a news conference. “People need to be able to know if they can get home from work. And so that is priority No. 1: that our subways and our rail systems are safe.”

About half of all subway lines were either fully or partially suspended because of the rain. Service on the Metro-North Railroad, the commuter line connecting New York to its northern suburbs, was also badly affected. Travel in and out of Grand Central Terminal — the railroad’s main hub — was suspended because water had submerged the system’s electrified third rail network in the Bronx. Janno Lieber, the chairman of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, urged passengers to consider the bus system because it was fully operational aside from some delays.

Still, in Queens, a bus station worker told a group of travelers that flooding around La Guardia Airport was slowing trips by up to 30 minutes at a busy nearby bus stop in Jackson Heights. Chris Buzan, visiting from Phoenix with his wife, Kim, and two sons, hoped they could make their flight home.

“Fingers crossed,” Mr. Buzan said. When the bus finally arrived, several minutes later, the Buzans managed to squeeze in, but other travelers had no choice but to stay behind.

Train crews scrambled to adjust service as heavy rain flooded the Canal Street station in Lower Manhattan, while in Brooklyn it submerged the tracks at President Street and Seventh Avenue. Major train lines that crisscross the city were cut off or delayed. There was no 2, 3, 4 or 5 train service in Brooklyn, and the B and G train lines were suspended in and out of Manhattan, among other service interruptions.

In Brooklyn, some subway station entrances were blocked off with yellow caution tape. Crowded Manhattan-bound Q trains were stalled at stations as passengers squeezed in, with some travelers enduring commutes that had stretched hours longer than usual.

Aissatou Diallo, 18, said she had no choice but to wait at the Prospect Park station in Brooklyn, because she needed to get to a class at the American Musical and Dramatic Academy, on the West Side of Manhattan. “Everyone is squished,” Ms. Diallo said. “It’s better to be late than not show up at all.”

Andrew Keh, Hurubie Meko, Zeke Minaya and Joseph Goldstein contributed reporting.


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