The most common reason for menopause is the natural decline in a female's reproductive hormones. However, menopause can also result from the following situations:
Oophorectomy: This surgery, which removes a woman's ovaries, causes immediate menopause. Symptoms and signs of menopause in this situation can be severe, as the hormonal changes happen abruptly.
Chemotherapy: Cancer treatments like chemotherapy can induce menopause quickly, causing symptoms to appear shortly after or even during treatment.
Ovarian Insufficiency: Also called premature ovarian failure, this condition is essentially premature menopause. It happens when a woman's ovaries quit functioning before the age of 40 and can stem from genetic factors and disease. Only 1% of women suffer from premature menopause, but HRT can help protect the heart, brain, and bones.
If you're a woman going through menopause and find that you have become increasingly depressed, you're not alone. It's estimated that 15% of women experience depression to some degree while going through menopause. What many women don't know is that depression can start during perimenopause, or the years leading up to menopause.
Depression can be hard to diagnose, especially during perimenopause and menopause. However, if you notice the following signs, it might be time to speak with a physician:
Remember, if you're experiencing depression, you're not weak or broken - you're going through a very regular emotional experience. The good news is that with proper treatment from your doctor, depression isn't a death sentence. And with HRT and anti-aging treatment for women, depression could be the catalyst you need to enjoy a new lease on life.
Hot flashes - they're one of the most well-known symptoms of menopause. Hot flashes are intense, sudden feelings of heat across a woman's upper body. Some last second, while others last minutes, making them incredibly inconvenient and uncomfortable for most women.
Symptoms of hot flashes include:
Typically, hot flashes are caused by a lack of estrogen. Low estrogen levels negatively affect a woman's hypothalamus, the part of the brain that controls body temperature and appetite. Low estrogen levels cause the hypothalamus to incorrectly assume the body is too hot, dilating blood vessels to increase blood flow. Luckily, most women don't have to settle for the uncomfortable feelings that hot flashes cause. HRT treatments for women often stabilize hormones, lessening the effects of hot flashes and menopause in general.
Mood swings are common occurrences for most people - quick shifts from happy to angry and back again, triggered by a specific event. And while many people experience mood swings, they are particularly common for women going through menopause. That's because, during menopause, the female's hormones are often imbalanced. Hormone imbalances and mood swings go hand-in-hand, resulting in frequent mood changes and even symptoms like insomnia.
The rate of production of estrogen, a hormone that fluctuates during menopause, largely determines the rate of production the hormone serotonin, which regulates mood, causing mood swings.
Luckily, HRT and anti-aging treatments in Warm Mineral Springs, FL for women work wonders for mood swings by regulating hormone levels like estrogen. With normal hormone levels, women around the world are now learning that they don't have to settle for mood swings during menopause.
Staying fit and healthy is hard for anyone living in modern America. However, for women with hormone imbalances during perimenopause or menopause, weight gain is even more serious. Luckily, HRT treatments for women coupled with a physician-led diet can help keep weight in check. But which hormones need to be regulated?
Lowered sexual desire - three words most men and women hate to hear. Unfortunately, for many women in perimenopausal and menopausal states, it's just a reality of life. Thankfully, today, HRT and anti-aging treatments Warm Mineral Springs, FL can help women maintain a normal, healthy sex drive. But what causes low libido in women, especially as they get older?
The hormones responsible for low libido in women are progesterone, estrogen, and testosterone.
Progesterone production decreases during perimenopause, causing low sex drive in women. Lower progesterone production can also cause chronic fatigue, weight gain, and other symptoms. On the other hand, lower estrogen levels during menopause lead to vaginal dryness and even vaginal atrophy or loss of muscle tension.
Lastly, testosterone plays a role in lowered libido. And while testosterone is often grouped as a male hormone, it contributes to important health and regulatory functionality in women. A woman's testosterone serves to heighten sexual responses and enhances orgasms. When the ovaries are unable to produce sufficient levels of testosterone, it often results in a lowered sex drive.
Often uncomfortable and even painful, vaginal dryness is a serious problem for sexually active women. However, like hair loss in males, vaginal dryness is very common - almost 50% of women suffer from it during menopause.
Getting older is just a part of life, but that doesn't mean you have to settle for the side effects. HRT and anti-aging treatments for women correct vaginal dryness by re-balancing estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. When supplemented with diet and healthy living, your vagina's secretions are normalized, causing discomfort to recede.
Uterine fibroids - they're perhaps the least-known symptom of menopause and hormone imbalances in women. That's because these growths on the uterus are often symptom-free. Unfortunately, these growths can be cancerous, presenting a danger for women as they age.
Many women will have fibroids at some point. Because they're symptomless, they're usually found during routine doctor exams. Some women only get one or two, while others may have large clusters of fibroids. Because fibroids are usually caused by hormone imbalances, hysterectomies have been used as a solution, forcing women into early menopause.
Advances in HRT and anti-aging medicine for women give females a safer, non-surgical option without having to experience menopause early. At Global Life Rejuvenation, our expert physicians will implement a customized HRT program to stabilize your hormones and reduce the risk of cancerous fibroid growth.
Endometriosis symptoms are much like the effects of PMS, and include pelvic pain, fatigue, cramping, and bloating. While doctors aren't entirely sure what causes this painful, uncomfortable condition, most agree that hormones - particularly xenoestrogens - play a factor.
Endometriosis symptoms are much like the effects of PMS and include pelvic pain, fatigue, cramping, and bloating. While doctors aren't entirely sure what causes this painful, uncomfortable condition, most agree that hormones - particularly xenoestrogens - play a factor.
Xenoestrogen is a hormone that is very similar to estrogen. Too much xenoestrogen is thought to stimulate endometrial tissue growth. HRT for women helps balance these hormones and, when used with a custom nutrition program, can provide relief for women across the U.S.
Sermorelin is a synthetic hormone peptide, like GHRH, which triggers the release of growth hormones. When used under the care of a qualified physician, Sermorelin can help you lose weight, increase your energy levels, and help you feel much younger.
Human growth hormone (HGH) therapy has been used for years to treat hormone deficiencies. Unlike HGH, which directly replaces declining human growth hormone levels, Sermorelin addresses the underlying cause of decreased HGH, stimulating the pituitary gland naturally. This approach keeps the mechanisms of growth hormone production active.
Ipamorelin helps to release growth hormones in a person's body by mimicking a peptide called ghrelin. Ghrelin is one of three hormones which work together to regulate the growth hormone levels released by the pituitary gland. Because Ipamorelin stimulates the body to produce growth hormone, your body won't stop its natural growth hormone production, which occurs with synthetic HGH.
Ipamorelin causes growth hormone secretion that resembles natural release patterns rather than being constantly elevated from HGH. Because ipamorelin stimulates the natural production of growth hormone, our patients can use this treatment long-term with fewer health risks.
One of the biggest benefits of Ipamorelin is that it provides significant short and long-term benefits in age management therapies. Ipamorelin can boost a patient's overall health, wellbeing, and outlook on life.
When there is an increased concentration of growth hormone by the pituitary gland, there are positive benefits to the body. Some benefits include:
Whether you are considering our HRT and anti-aging treatments for women in Warm Mineral Springs, FL, we are here to help. The first step to reclaiming your life begins by contacting Global Life Rejuvenation. Our friendly, knowledgeable HRT experts can help answer your questions and walk you through our procedures. From there, we'll figure out which treatments are right for you. Before you know it, you'll be well on your way to looking and feeling better than you have in years!973-587-8638
HOT SPRINGS -- Hot Springs has a housing crisis that was illuminated by the covid-19 pandemic, something that Kim Carter, executive director of Cooperative Christian Ministries and Clinic, is trying to help solve.One of the groups of people who have been struggling since the pandemic began has been the ALICE population, Carter said."ALICE is Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed," she said. "It's not a great term, but we call them the working poor. They don't make enough money to live on. We hear the term p...
HOT SPRINGS -- Hot Springs has a housing crisis that was illuminated by the covid-19 pandemic, something that Kim Carter, executive director of Cooperative Christian Ministries and Clinic, is trying to help solve.
One of the groups of people who have been struggling since the pandemic began has been the ALICE population, Carter said.
"ALICE is Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed," she said. "It's not a great term, but we call them the working poor. They don't make enough money to live on. We hear the term paycheck to paycheck, and these people, the people that fall in ALICE, they're kind of always falling a little bit behind."
Carter said this population had "completely got their feet kicked out from underneath them" due to the pandemic, and it affected more than just renters.
"We still had landlords who had to pay mortgages on their properties, so we became a bridge between those people who were struggling and the people who provided the services," she said.
"So we worked with landlords; we worked with utility companies. We became so much more aware of, and I think the media began to become more aware of, people in that situation."
The housing crisis is not anything new, Carter said, but it has been an ongoing issue for many years.
"The housing crisis has been around for a while," she said. "Probably goes back all the way back to 2008 where we saw builders who go under. We saw less houses. We saw that the increase in pricing, and then covid was just -- it was more than the icing on the cake. It was this flood that happened."
According to the United Way's United for ALICE website, Arkansas has the eighth-highest percentage of households below the ALICE threshold with 46%, tying with Florida. Louisiana and Mississippi are the top two states with 51% and 50%, respectively.
One thing that CCMC does to try to help families in this situation in Garland County is offer a "Bridges Out of Poverty" workshop, which strives to help individuals to move from poverty to self-sufficiency. Carter said the organization is revamping the workshop to better aid those in the classes.
"We've been developing some new training, and we've been looking at poverty on this continuum," she said. "There are some standout markers on that continuum, and one of them is chronic homelessness. Another one is going to be persons living in that ALICE population. Those are clearly defined income guidelines. We have the federal poverty levels that are adjusted minorly each year, and those are qualifiers for services for certain types of things like that."
Carter said she is happy to see West Central Arkansas Planning and Development District preparing to do a housing study in Hot Springs.
People tend to be "homogeneous in our gathering," Carter said, and "gather with people who look like us, live like us, worship like us, have similar values. That's typical human behavior, but when we have big problems to solve, we've all got to step outside our comfort zones."
She said people need "to strike up conversations and relationships, to go into areas where people are being served, where you know work is being done, where you're likely to find individuals who are different than you. I think that's one of the key things, and in Hot Springs, we have so many opportunities to do that."
Carter suggested volunteering at schools or aiding area nonprofit organizations as ways to help those suffering due to the housing crisis.
One significant issue facing families in the ALICE population is child care, she said.
"The biggest barrier to getting people employed is child care," she said. "We have a lack of open spaces for child care in Hot Springs. It's another thing that there's a shortage of. Whether people can afford it or not, there's just not a lot of openings. And then when you add the price on to it, so we're lucky to have Head Starts and Early Head Starts.
"We're lucky to have some programs, but those programs fill up quickly."
There are also those who struggle with "crisis poverty," Carter said, which stems from unforeseen circumstances. She noted she recently was contacted by someone who is self-employed and had a medical issue that kept them from working.
"They can't work right now because of critical health issues," she said. "And this person is facing eviction because they can't pay their rent. ... There are these situations where -- whether people ended up in them by some crazy circumstance, like a medical event, or they made some bad choices that led them to that and we also know those people, or it's usually a combination of two things -- we see people in dire circumstances every day."
Even though Florida is blistering hot right now, the climate is perfect for growing caladiums, a tropical foliage with multicolored, heart-shaped leaves.More than 1,200 acres in Florida are home to caladium farms for commercial production. In fact, the town of Lake Placid, located east of Sarasota in the middle of the state, hosts an annual Caladium Festival. Why Lake Placid? Because it is known as “the Caladium Capital of the World.”Caladiums often get confused with the popular plants known as elephant ears. They a...
Even though Florida is blistering hot right now, the climate is perfect for growing caladiums, a tropical foliage with multicolored, heart-shaped leaves.
More than 1,200 acres in Florida are home to caladium farms for commercial production. In fact, the town of Lake Placid, located east of Sarasota in the middle of the state, hosts an annual Caladium Festival. Why Lake Placid? Because it is known as “the Caladium Capital of the World.”
Caladiums often get confused with the popular plants known as elephant ears. They are in the same “Araceae” family, the Pinellas County Extension Service says, and have a similar big-leaf shape. But caladiums are considerably smaller. What they lack in size, they make up for in color.
“Caladiums are easy to grow in Florida’s warm, humid climate and will provide beautiful color throughout spring, summer and fall,” according to the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) website on Gardening Solutions.
There are two ways to plant caladiums. One is to plant full-leaved plants. The other is to plant tubers or bulbs.
According to the website: “Caladiums with foliage can be planted at any time of the year.” However, planting bulbs is best between March and September, depending on where you live in the state.
It’s easiest to plant caladiums with foliage. Dig a hole about 2 inches deep and stick the plant in. Keep the ground moist and it will thrive. According to UF/IFAS, most caladiums do best in partial shade and only require two to four hours of sunlight. However, some new cultivars have been bred to grow in direct sunlight.
“When grown in the shade the leaf colors tend to be more vibrant than if grown in full sun,” UF/IFAS advises.
Planting tubers or bulbs is a bit more difficult. They need to be planted “eye side up,” 2 inches deep and 8 to 12 inches apart. Caladium bulbs prefer soils with high moisture and adequate drainage. According to the University of Florida, “tubers should never sit in dry soil or saturated water, but in soil moist to the touch. Keeping it moist but not soaked may require frequent watering.”
You can add caladiums to your landscape in hanging baskets or containers, as borders and as landscape accent plants. Some can also be grown indoors. Caladiums are annuals and will naturally die off at the end of the summer or early fall and, hopefully, return again the next spring. Bulbs can be dug up and preserved, or left in the ground.
For more information, visit gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu.
The new Farmers’ Almanac is out and has it got news for weather watchers.For Floridians and much of the U.S. southeast zone, there’s going to be a “turbulent transition to warmth after winter” — winter being what it is in Florida, mind you. When the made-in-Miami Latin freestyle pop group Expose’ sang &ldquo...
The new Farmers’ Almanac is out and has it got news for weather watchers.
For Floridians and much of the U.S. southeast zone, there’s going to be a “turbulent transition to warmth after winter” — winter being what it is in Florida, mind you. When the made-in-Miami Latin freestyle pop group Expose’ sang “Seasons Change” back in 1987, the women weren’t referring to their hometown.
“Spring will be unusually active over the nation’s heartland with frequent heavy to severe thunderstorms predicted. Such adverse activity will be confined chiefly to the Southeast states in March, then will spread north and west,” the newly released Farmers’ Almanac 2023 edition said.
Spring 2023 will also be much warmer than normal for most of the nation and persist from late June through early September, with temperatures in the 90s and heat indices in the triple digits, the Farmers’ Almanac warns.
This dovetails with a new study released earlier this month by the nonprofit climate research group, First Street Foundation, that found that “Miami-Dade leads the nation as the county that could see the sharpest increase in dangerous hot days over the next 30 years, when the U.S. could be an average of 3 degrees hotter,” the Miami Herald reported.
“The Southeast, including Florida, is likely to see much higher temperatures more frequently. That means extra weeks of the year where temperatures top 100 — or even higher,” according to the report.
As for hurricanes, if you have booked an outdoor barbecue for Columbus Day weekend for next year, Oct. 7-9, 2023, read on:
? “Our long-range forecast suggests a hurricane threat from the Gulf Coastal States northeast to the mid-Atlantic Coast sometime in the third week of August , another hurricane threat for the Atlantic Seaboard around equinox time in September , and yet another threat along the Southeast Coast, coinciding with the  Columbus Day weekend,” the Farmers’ Almanac predicts.
Ahead of that glimpse of next year’s Columbus Day, the almanac goes into further detail in its forecast for the southeast zone, beginning in September 2022. Here’s some of what the Farmers’ Almanac suggests:
? The Atlantic seaboard faces a hurricane threat on Sept. 12-15, 2022. Also, heavy rains thanks to an intensifying low pressure disturbance moving off the Atlantic coast on Oct. 8-11., 2022
? “Fair skies for trick-or-treaters” around Halloween on Oct. 28-31, 2022.
? Mostly cold with fair skies for the Thanksgiving holiday on Nov. 24-27, 2022.
? Showers for Christmas 2022.
? “Unreasonably cold air plunging south out of Canada” on Jan. 20-23, 2023.
? “A big warmup” for Presidents’ Day weekend on Feb. 16-19, 2023.
? Squally weather along the Gulf Coast on June 20-23, 2023.
? And plenty of thunderstorms and “oppressive” humidity in many of the months to come, including summer 2023.
But, hey, tell us something we don’t already know from our sweat-drenched clothes on Thursday, Aug. 25, 2022, when it was already 90 before 11 a.m. with a heat index expected to hit 101 degrees — what you will really feel — according to the National Weather Service in Miami.
But as the page’s author, the pseudonymous Caleb Weatherbee, closes, “As we see how the winter weather unfolds this upcoming year, keep in mind this quote from Shakespeare: ‘In nature’s infinite book of secrecy, a little I can read.’”
Long before Twitter, 24-7 weather reports and even the National Weather Service in Miami, the Farmers’ Almanac has predicted long-range weather information for the United States since 1818. James Monroe was the fifth U.S. president when it first published in 1818.
“I’ve worked on the Farmers’ Almanac with my dad since 1979 and along with Sandi Duncan (managing editor) since 1995,” Farmers’ Almanac editor Peter Geiger told the Miami Herald in an email interview from his office in Maine.
“We do our weather two years in advance,” Geiger said. “When you look at the Miami area, it is a ho-hum winter by snow and cold standards. If I was in Miami, I’d look at the rest of the country because northerners can only take so much cold before they head to Florida and Arizona. We label the north central states as the ‘hibernation zone’ with significant cold and snow all winter. The Mid-west and Northeast will feel winter as we lay out in our predictions.”
Geiger pointed out several items from the weather section in the 2023 Farmers’ Almanac:
“September 12–15 , hurricane threat along the Atlantic Seaboard. Don’t know if that means Miami,” he said. “We talk about several cold spells in November and December. ... Spring — unusually active with lots of rain, thunderstorms and more in the southeastern part of the US. On the map we say, ‘Near normal temps with tons of showers.’ Summer — oppressive, showery, thundery.”
Geiger summarized the purpose of the Farmers’ Almanac by citing the note on his editor’s page that reads, “One of life’s secrets is to figure out how to achieve balance in your life. We know it can be challenging to find the time to step back and smell the flowers. So, we offer suggestions and inspiration for how to slow down, as well as what to do when your days are so busy.”
What about that other Farmers’ Almanac, the “old” Farmer’s Almanac? The Harris Farmer’s Almanac — with its tan cover and different usage of the apostrophe on Farmer’s — was first published in 1792 when George Washington was president and based on the original Harris’ Almanack first published in 1692, according to its cover.
The “new” Farmers’ Almanac, the 1818 one, has an orange-and-green cover.
The old Harris Farmer’s Almanac also released its 2023 edition in August.
Both almanacs are carried in stores like Publix, Dollar General, Barnes & Noble, Sam’s Club, Winn-Dixie, Walmart, Walgreens and others.
The 2022 old Harris Farmer’s Almanac said our summer this year will be “hotter and slightly drier than normal.” That jibes. We have had back-to-back heat records set this August.
“September and October will be slightly warmer and much drier than normal, with the hottest period in early September,” the “old” Harris Almanac said for Miami in 2022.
The new Harris Almanac forecasts slightly above normal temperatures in November 2022, May and August 2023. Slightly below normal temperature in December 2022 and February 2023, along with a few severe storms likely in February. And near normal temperatures in January, March, April, June, July, September and October 2023.
Your Independence Day parades on July 4th in South Florida will be among the hottest parts of July 2023, the Harris Almanac notes.
“Oppressive heat and humidity,” Geiger’s new Farmers’ Almanac says about the coming Fourth of July.
That Columbus Day weekend, the one the Farmers’ Almanac says could face a hurricane threat? The Harris Almanac said it will be “cooler with slightly more precipitation.”
Hurricanes can bring precipitation, just saying.
Both take into account solar activity.
The Harris Almanac looks at prevailing weather patterns and meteorology. The Geiger Almanac’s mathematical formula takes into account lunar activity and the planet’s positioning, as well.
The Harris Almanac incorporates satellite data, jet stream patterns and ocean temperature. The Farmers’ Almanac that Geiger publishes does not use satellite tracking equipment when forecasting. Both claim about 75% to 85% accuracy.
Meteorologists, like those at the National Weather Service, are generally skeptical about forecasts that extend beyond 10 days in the future.
“For what meteorologists do — being very specific to local locations, I agree,” Geiger said. “It is difficult to predict 10 days out. In our case, our first editor, David Young, was a mathematician, calculator and an astronomer. He wanted to predict weather for farmers. He developed a formula that is applied to sunspot activity, planet positions and impact of the moon.
“In our 206 years, we have had only seven prognosticators, which I believe has helped with what we do,” Geiger said. “We break the country in regions and make our predictions of two-to-three day segments. Is it specific enough? I think so. If someone is getting married in July, planning a vacation, etc. we serve that purpose.”
This story was originally published August 26, 2022 4:30 AM.
Looking for authentic Vietnamese food in Pensacola?You're in luck.From the west side to the north end of the county, the area is packed with finger-licking good Vietnamese restaurants to try out.Saigon Oriental Market and DeliWhere: 604 N. Pace Blvd.Saigon is a one-stop-shop in that it’s both an Asian grocery store and a full-service café. The café is widely regarded as one of the best Vietnamese restaurants in Pensacola because of its authentic...
Looking for authentic Vietnamese food in Pensacola?
You're in luck.
From the west side to the north end of the county, the area is packed with finger-licking good Vietnamese restaurants to try out.
Where: 604 N. Pace Blvd.
Saigon is a one-stop-shop in that it’s both an Asian grocery store and a full-service café. The café is widely regarded as one of the best Vietnamese restaurants in Pensacola because of its authentic pho, good portion sizes and how inexpensive it is compared to other options.
The menu is pretty straight forward. Appetizers consist of egg rolls, bang-bang and chicken wings. Pho is a popular menu item, and there is bun bo hue, bun rieu, vermicelli noodle or bun and banh mi, which are Vietnamese sandwiches. Vietnamese iced coffee and boba drinks are also available.
Where: 3510 Mobile Highway
Chen's Bien Dong Oriental Market is another grocery store and café that provides some of Pensacola's most authentic Vietnamese foods. The store specializes in imported fruits, vegetables, seafood and other unique items, and the market offers a full range of specialty foods made from scratch.
The market menu includes banh mi sandwiches, com phan rice platers, vermicelli noodles and noodle soups.
Where: 2416 W. Cervantes St.
Quickly Pensacola is an Asian fusion restaurant that focuses mostly on Vietnamese foods at an affordable price. You'll find a wide variety of banh mi sandwiches, pho bowls and even a full sushi bar. Food isn't the only thing you can grab here, though. There is a full Boba tea bar that has 25 flavors to choose from with eight toppings. Some flavors change seasonally.
Where: 7156 N. Davis Highway
Pho Golden Palace is a Pensacola staple that has served the area for over a decade. Visitors enjoy Pho Golden Palace because of its friendly staff and clean atmosphere. Some of the menu favorites include the spring rolls, egg rolls, pho, banh mi and grilled pork chops. Boba tea is also available.
Tu-Do Vietnamese Restaurant
Where: 7130 N. Davis Highway
Tu-Do Vietnamese Restaurant is a no-nonsense, straightforward traditional Vietnamese restaurant that serves some other Asian dishes, too. Keeping with the local trend, you'll be able to find generous portion sizes at a reasonable price here.
On the menu, you'll find the normal banh mi and pho offerings. You'll also find mi xao (chow mein), mi va hu tieu (egg noodles and rice noodles soup), do bien seafood and com rice dishes. You can grab Vietnamese hot and ice coffee, plus Boba drinks, too.
Where: 10427 Sorrento Road #302
PhoEver doesn't just serve up good food, it serves up good hospitality, too. This is one of the best Vietnamese restaurants you'll find on the west side of Escambia County. The menu includes all the favorites like pho, banh mi, vermicelli noodles and more. Some of the fan favorites include the pho dac biet and chicken wings.
Where: 8102 N. Davis Highway, Suite 12
Pho REAL is a clean Vietnamese restaurant that sits middle-of-the-road on price but sits on a mountain peak when it comes to flavor. The menu is pretty traditional with noodle soups, vermicelli noodles, banh mi sandwiches and rice platters. Some of the menu favorites include the beef short ribs, shrimp spring rolls and egg rolls.
Where: 4771-1 Bayou Blvd.
Basil & Sprout is one of the newer kids on the block and one that had a pretty hyped opening. It stands out by specializing in Vietnamese street food, though the menu is still in its infancy due to inventory delays and shortages.
As of now, visitors can choose from traditional grab-and-go items like egg and spring rolls to modern takes on things like the bun boe hue, a spicy beef noodle soup with the option to add ham hock or braised short ribs.
The menu also features the robust drink options Vietnamese food fans have come to enjoy: fruit smoothies, slushies, teas, boba drinks and coffee.
Where: 10015 N. Davis Highway, Suite 600
You won't often get a chance to have a former NASA engineer cook food for you, nor will you get the chance to be served by a robot, but you can have both at Eurasian Bistro. The restaurant offers Vietnamese-infused cuisine that pho-cuses on noodles and soup, Vietnamese sandwiches and rice and vermicelli noodle dishes.
My last column was all about how often you should change your airplane’s oil.It received a number of comments, which I always appreciate.Many of the comments were about the recommendation by engine manufacturers to change the oil every four months.One reader emailed...
My last column was all about how often you should change your airplane’s oil.
It received a number of comments, which I always appreciate.
Many of the comments were about the recommendation by engine manufacturers to change the oil every four months.
One reader emailed me, noting he had several questions about oil change intervals.
“One guy said that way back in the past, the oil change interval was a recommended 50 hours or six months. If so, when did it go from six months down to every four months? I believe the answer is that the four months was a result of decrease aircraft usage.”
I did not remember that, so I emailed my friend, Paul McBride, who writes the Ask Paul column for General Aviation News, to see if he knew about such a recommendation. He had not heard of it, so if there had been such a recommendation, it was well over 50 years ago.
But why do manufacturers recommend 50 hours or every four months with a full oil filter?
This recommendation reflects the main cause of lubricant-related failures in aircraft engines, which is corrosion leading to camshaft and lifter spalling.
This, in turn, is mainly caused by aircraft inactivity, just as our reader thought.
When an engine sits, there is almost always water in the oil. Some comes from exhaust blow-by, but it is mainly from water condensation.
When an engine sits inactive, warm moist air is drawn in during the day. As it gets cooler at night, the water drops out and is left in the oil or on engine parts.
Over time, the water combines with the sulfur in the oil, which comes from unburnt fuel in the blow-by past the rings. This forms an acid that attacks the cam and lifter surfaces, forming surface rust.
When the engine is finally started, the rust acts as a lapping compound which, in turn, starts the wear process that eventually leads to failure.
These failures are almost always on low usage aircraft that sit a lot. It is very rare to see this on an engine that is used regularly all year long.
Based on this data, engine manufacturers came up with the recommendation to change the oil every four months.
Four months as opposed to three or five months was thought to be a reasonable compromise. The idea is that the recommendation will help eliminate a long inactivity period, because the longer an engine sits, the more rust accumulates.
Several readers pointed out that there would be a lot less rust accumulating on an aircraft engine sitting in Arizona than one in Florida.
That is true, but the engine manufacturers cannot write a recommendation for every situation. If they tried, they would have to put in a table that listed the time for oil change vs. normal relative humidity.
What would I recommend to get to full TBO?
The first step is to get rid of the water in your oil during normal service.
To do that you need to check the accuracy of your oil temperature gauge.
Take the sending unit out of your airplane and put it into a container that’s sitting on a hot plate. Heat the oil up to 180°F, measured with an accurate thermometer in the oil. Now make a mark on your oil temperature gauge.
When you fly, check this gauge and make sure that your oil temperature is at or near the mark.
The only way to get rid of water in the oil is to boil it off, which is why it needs to reach 180° while you are flying.
As oil goes through your engine, it will pick up about 50°F above sump temperature. If your sump temperature is below 160°F, the oil will not get above 212°F and the water will not boil off. Instead, it will just accumulate in the sump.
Second: Do not just start your engine on the ramp to coat all of the parts, thinking this will help extend the life of your engine. This just adds to the fuel contamination and does not evaporate any water.
Third: Fly your plane as often as possible. Plan a flight where you get the oil temperature up long enough to drive off the water.
Fourth: Depending on how much and when you fly, you need to plan your oil changes.
A lot of pilots living in northern climates fly a lot in the summer and very little in the winter. As winter comes, pilots may just put the plane away where it will sit during the cold months, and then change the oil in the spring so they can fly on fresh oil.
Wrong plan. You should change the oil before you put the plane away. This way you will start the period of inactivity with no water or acid build up.
Also, I would recommend putting a quart or two of Phillips Anti-Rust Oil in the crankcase with the oil change. This will help protect your engine and you can still go fly should the occasion arise.
Now for the pilot who only flies 12 hours a year: I do not have a perfect answer for how often to change your oil.
What I would do is change the oil at least every year and add some of the Phillips Anti Rust Oil to every change.
I would also start a savings account for that new engine you may need in a few years.