Testosterone is a crucial hormone for men and plays an important role throughout the male lifespan. Most of a male's testosterone is produced through the testicles. Also called the male sex hormone, testosterone starts playing its part during puberty.
When a male goes through puberty, testosterone helps males develop:
As boys turn to men and men grow older, testosterone levels deplete naturally. Sometimes, events like injuries and chronic health conditions like diabetes can lower testosterone levels. Unfortunately, when a man loses too much T, it results in hypogonadism. When this happens, the testosterone must be replaced, or the male will suffer from symptoms like muscle loss, low libido, and even depression.
TRT is exactly what it sounds like: a treatment option for men that replaces testosterone so that your body regulates hormones properly and restores balance to your life. Also called androgen replacement therapy, TRT alleviates the symptoms that men experience with low T.
Originally lab-synthesized in 1935, testosterone has grown in popularity since it was produced. Today, TRT and other testosterone treatments are among the most popular prescriptions in the U.S.
Without getting too deep into the science, TRT works by giving your body the essential testosterone it needs to function correctly. As the primary androgen for both males and females, testosterone impacts many of the body's natural processes â especially those needed for overall health. For example, men with low T are more prone to serious problems like cardiovascular disease and even type-2 diabetes.
When your body quits making enough testosterone, it causes your health to suffer until a solution is presented. That's where TRT and anti-aging medicine for men can help. TRT helps balance your hormones and replenish your depleted testosterone. With time, your body will begin to heal, and many symptoms like low libido and irritability begin to diminish.
For men, aging is the biggest contributor to lower testosterone levels, though there are other causes like obesity, drug abuse, testicular injuries, and certain prescribed medications. Sometimes, long-term health conditions like AIDS, cirrhosis of the liver, and kidney disease can lower testosterone levels.
When a man's testosterone levels drop significantly, it alters his body's ratio of estrogen and testosterone. Lower testosterone levels cause more abdominal fat, which in turn results in increased aromatase, which converts even more testosterone into estrogen.
If you're concerned that you might have low T, you're not alone. Millions of men in the U.S. feel the same way. The best way to find out if your testosterone is low is to get your levels tested.
For sustainable testosterone replacement therapy benefits, you must consult with hormone doctors and experts like those you can find at Global Life Rejuvenation. That way, you can find the root cause of your hormone problems, and our team can craft a personalized HRT plan tailored to your needs.
One of the most common reasons that men choose TRT is because they have lost that "spark" with their partner. It's not easy for a man to hear that they're not performing like they used to. Intimacy is a powerful part of any relationship. When a once-healthy sex life dwindles, it can cause serious relationship issues.
The good news is that low libido doesn't have to be a permanent problem. TRT and anti-aging medicines help revert hormone levels back into their normal range. When this happens, many men have a more enjoyable life full of intimacy and sex drive.
Weak erections â it's an uncomfortable subject for many men in the U.S. to talk about. It's even worse to experience first-hand. You're in the midst of an intimate moment, and you can't do your part. Despite being perfectly normal, many men put blame and shame upon themselves when they can't achieve an erection. And while the inability to perform sexually can be caused by poor diet, obesity, and chronic health conditions, low testosterone is often a contributing factor.
Fortunately, weak erections are a treatable condition. The best way to regain your confidence and ability in bed is to speak with your doctor. Once any underlying conditions are discovered, options like TRT may be the best course of treatment.
Do you find it harder and harder to work out and lift weights in the gym? Are you having problems lifting heavy items that you once had no problem lifting?
Recent studies show that when men are inactive, they lose .5% of muscle strength every year, from ages 25 to 60. After 60, muscle loss doubles every decade. While some muscle loss is common as men age, a significant portion can be tied to low testosterone levels. When a man's T levels drop, so does his muscle mass.
Testosterone is a much-needed component used in gaining and retaining muscle mass. That's why many doctors prescribe TRT Rochelle Park, FL, for men having problems with strength. One recent study found that men who increased their testosterone levels using TRT gained as much as 2.5 pounds of muscle mass.
Whether your gym performance is lacking, or you can't lift heavy items like you used to, don't blame it all on age. You could be suffering from hypogonadism.
If you're like millions of other men in their late 20s and 30s, dealing with hair loss is a reality you don't want to face. Closely related to testosterone decline and hormone imbalances, hair loss is distressing for many men. This common symptom is often related to a derivative of testosterone called DHT. Excess amounts of DHT cause hair follicles to halt their production, causing follicles to die.
Because hair located at the front and crown is more sensitive to DHT, it grows slower than other follicles and eventually stops growing permanently. Thankfully, TRT and anti-aging treatments for men in Rochelle Park, FL, is now available to address hair loss for good.
While it's true that you can't change your genes, you can change the effects of low testosterone on your body. Whether you're suffering from thinning hair or hair loss across your entire head, TRT and other hormone therapies can stop hair loss and even reverse the process.
Also called "man boobs," gynecomastia is essentially the enlargement of male breast tissue. This increase in fatty tissue is often caused by hormonal imbalances and an increase in estrogen. For men, estrogen levels are elevated during andropause. Also called male menopause, andropause usually happens because of a lack of testosterone.
If you're a man between the ages of 40 and 55, and you're embarrassed by having large breasts, don't lose hope. TRT is a safe, effective way to eliminate the underlying cause of gynecomastia without invasive surgery. With a custom HRT and fitness program, you can bring your testosterone and estrogen levels back to normal before you know it.
Decreased energy was once considered a normal part of aging. Today, many doctors know better. Advances in technology and our understanding of testosterone show that low T and lack of energy often go hand-in-hand.
If you're struggling to enjoy activities like playing with your kids or hiking in a park due to lack of energy, it could be a sign of low T. Of course, getting tired is perfectly normal for any man. But if you're suffering from continual fatigue, a lack of enjoyment, or a decrease in energy, it might be time to speak with a doctor.
Whether you're having a tough time getting through your day or can't finish activities you used to love, TRT could help.
A study from 2011 showed that men who lose a week's worth of sleep can experience lowered testosterone levels â as much as 15%, according to experts. Additional research into the topic found almost 15% of workers only get five hours of sleep (or less) per night. These findings suggest that sleep loss negatively impacts T levels and wellbeing.
The bottom line is that men who have trouble sleeping often suffer from lower testosterone levels as a result. If you find yourself exhausted at the end of the day but toss and turn all night long, you might have low T.
TRT and anti-aging medicines can restore your T levels back to normal, which can help you sleep better with proper diet and exercise.
You're feeling down about everything, and there's no solid explanation for why you're in such a crummy mood. Your daily life is great and full of success, but you can't help but feel unexcited and unmotivated. If you're experiencing symptoms like these, you may be depressed â and it may stem from low testosterone.
A research study from Munich found that men with depression also commonly had low testosterone levels. This same study also found that depressed men had cortisol levels that were 67% higher than other men. Because higher cortisol levels lead to lower levels of testosterone, the chances of severe depression increase.
Depression is a very real disorder and should always be diagnosed and treated by your doctor. One treatment option gaining in popularity is TRT for depression. Studies show that when TRT is used to restore hormone levels, men enjoy a lighter, more improved mood. That's great news for men who are depressed and have not had success with other treatments like anti-depression medicines, which alter the brain's chemistry.
Ask anyone over the age of 50 how their memory is, and they'll tell you it wasn't what it used to be. Memory loss and lack of concentration occur naturally as we age â these aren't always signs of dementia or Alzheimer's.
However, what many men consider a symptom of age may be caused by low testosterone. A 2006 study found that males with low T levels performed poorly on cognitive skill tests. These results suggest that low testosterone may play a part in reducing cognitive ability. If you're having trouble staying on task or remembering what your schedule is for the day, it might not be due to your age. It might be because your testosterone levels are too low. If you're having trouble concentrating or remembering daily tasks, it could be time to talk to your doctor.
Why? The aforementioned study found that participating men experienced improved cognitive skills when using TRT.
Even though today's society is more inclusive of large people, few adults enjoy gaining weight as they age. Despite their best efforts, many men just can't shed the extra pounds around their midsections, increasing their risk of heart disease and cancer.
Often, male weight gain is caused by hormone imbalances that slow the metabolism and cause weight to pile on. This phase of life is called andropause and happens when there is a lack of testosterone in the body. Couple that with high cortisol levels, and you've got a recipe for flabby guts and double chins.
Fortunately, TRT treatments and physician-led weight loss programs can correct hormone imbalances and lead to healthy weight loss for men.
Sermorelin is a synthetic hormone peptide, like GHRH, which triggers the release of growth hormones. When used under the care of a qualified physician, Sermorelin can help you lose weight, increase your energy levels, and help you feel much younger.
Human growth hormone (HGH) therapy has been used for years to treat hormone deficiencies. Unlike HGH, which directly replaces declining human growth hormone levels, Sermorelin addresses the underlying cause of decreased HGH, stimulating the pituitary gland naturally. This approach keeps the mechanisms of growth hormone production active.
Benefits of Sermorelin include:
Ipamorelin helps to release growth hormones in a person's body by mimicking a peptide called ghrelin. Ghrelin is one of three hormones which work together to regulate the growth hormone levels released by the pituitary gland. Because Ipamorelin stimulates the body to produce growth hormone, your body won't stop its natural growth hormone production, which occurs with synthetic HGH.
Ipamorelin causes growth hormone secretion that resembles natural release patterns rather than being constantly elevated from HGH. Because ipamorelin stimulates the natural production of growth hormone, our patients can use this treatment long-term with fewer health risks.
One of the biggest benefits of Ipamorelin is that it is suitable for both men and women. It provides significant short and long-term benefits in age management therapies, boosting patients' overall health, wellbeing, and outlook on life. When growth hormone is produced by the pituitary gland using Ipamorelin, clients report amazing benefits.
Some of those benefits include:
Whether you are considering our TRT services, HRT for women, or our growth hormone peptide services, we are here to help. The first step to turning back the hand of time starts by contacting Global Life Rejuvenation.
Our friendly, knowledgeable TRT and HRT experts can help answer your questions and walk you through our procedures. From there, we'll figure out which treatments are right for you. Before you know it, you'll be well on your way to looking and feeling better than you have in years!866-793-9933
HAMILTON — After dropping their last two regular-season games, the Allentown American Legion team got back to playing baseball like the defending state champion it is when manager Sahil Thakur’s club defeated Rochelle Park Post 170, 10-0, in five innings Saturday in the New Jersey American Legion District 2 Tournament at Bob DeMeo Field in Veterans Park.With Washington & Lee University-bound pitcher Brody Pasieka throwing one-hit shutout and A’town’s bats coming to life after two sleepy innings, the 2022 Me...
HAMILTON — After dropping their last two regular-season games, the Allentown American Legion team got back to playing baseball like the defending state champion it is when manager Sahil Thakur’s club defeated Rochelle Park Post 170, 10-0, in five innings Saturday in the New Jersey American Legion District 2 Tournament at Bob DeMeo Field in Veterans Park.
With Washington & Lee University-bound pitcher Brody Pasieka throwing one-hit shutout and A’town’s bats coming to life after two sleepy innings, the 2022 Mercer County American Legion League co-champs took control of its first district game this summer with the help of old and new players alike.
“We know what our job is. Here, it is to win two games,” Allentown catcher Griffin Murphy said. “Our second time through the lineup, we had to make an adjustment.”
With Rochelle Park pitcher Julian Suero getting through the first eight batters with only one base runner (on a second-inning walk to Murphy), it took a single by No. 9 batter Carl Barth to get A’town’s offense going.
Tommy Kendrick and Slade Harrill followed with singles, and just like that, Allentown had a 1-0 lead. One out later, Mike Doran singled in Kendrick, then Murphy beat out an infield single to load the bases.
Back-to-back walks to Jackson Wargo and Brendan Buecker pushed across two more runs before a double down the third-base line from Jacob Kramer gave the defending champs a 6-0 edge.
From that point on, Allentown was like a different club, the one that had started this summer 6-0 on the way to a 14-2 record late in the regular season.
“Top to bottom in our lineup, we’ve got a lot of good hitters. Once one guy gets on, the momentum gets going. When a couple guys get on base, everything starts flowing,” said Murphy, who was 2-for-2 with a run scored and two runs batted in.
A two-run double by Murphy and an RBI ground out by Wargo pushed the advantage to 9-0 in the fourth inning before Tommy Kendrick doubled and came around on a pair of wild pitches with two outs in the bottom of the fifth to end the game early.
Meanwhile, right-hander Pasieka, a 2022 Hun School grad, was dominant, only allowing an infield hit to Danny Aris with two outs in the second.
Even though A’town committed an uncharacteristic two errors, Pasieka did not let a runner past second base, including a nifty strike-‘em-out, throw-‘em-out double play in the third inning as Murphy gunned down two base runners trying to steal in the game.
“It’s great catching Brody,” said Murphy, a 2021 Freehold Township graduate who also catches for Arcadia University’s team. “He throws a lot of strikes and has four good pitches.”
Allentown will return to DeMeo at 1 p.m. Sunday to play the winner of yesterday’s second District 2 game between North Hamilton and Cherry Hill Post 372.
Rochelle Park (8-5) 000 00 — 0 1 0
Allentown (15-4) 006 31 — 10 9 2
2B:Kramer, Murphy, Kendrick (A); RBIs: Harrill, Doran, GMurphy 2, Wargo 2, Buecker, Kramer 2 (A).
WP — Pasieka (3-0); LP — Suero (2-1).
Small businesses are at the heart of our communities. The Open for Business series is our effort to document the struggles of our local merchants in these unprecedented times, and to highlight their resourcefulness, resilience and creativity. Since Nanni Ristorante in Rochelle Park opened in 1988, owners Manny Moreira, 71, of Fort Lee and Lino Queirolo, 83, of Waldwick haven't experienced anything quite like the coronavirus.Through 9/11, Superstorm Sandy and numerous health scares, Nanni has kept its che...
Small businesses are at the heart of our communities. The Open for Business series is our effort to document the struggles of our local merchants in these unprecedented times, and to highlight their resourcefulness, resilience and creativity.
Since Nanni Ristorante in Rochelle Park opened in 1988, owners Manny Moreira, 71, of Fort Lee and Lino Queirolo, 83, of Waldwick haven't experienced anything quite like the coronavirus.
Through 9/11, Superstorm Sandy and numerous health scares, Nanni has kept its chefs boiling marinara sauce, rolling out fresh pasta and sauteeing strips of fish. Kept its tuxedo-clad waitstaff serving. Kept its loyal customers seated at tables covered in white tablecloths, cutting into delicate gnocchi and sipping heavy pours of wine. Both Moreira and Queirolo worked at the famous Fort Lee restaurant Archer’s before buying Nanni from Paolo Gilberto.
But these days, due to the state-mandated closure of all dining rooms, the silverware and cloth napkins are no longer laid out. The communal appetizer platters are put away.
What has remained consistent is Moreira's presence at the restaurant every day (Queirolo is more hands-off and is in partial retirement). Moreira, a former personal chef to Frank Sinatra, and a few cooks are still making their Italian specialties for pickup and delivery.
Robert Moreira, Manny Moreira's son, has been helping his father navigate this brave new world, one that his illustrious career in the dining industry could not have prepared him for. Robert filled us in on how Nanni Ristorante, a pillar of old-school dining, has adapted.
We're now closed for dine-in. We have takeout and some delivery to surrounding towns, and online partners with UberEats and DoorDash. We've also been delivering to some of our very good customers. We've been trying to share with our neighborhoods that we are open. We've made some business flyers and put them around my parents' co-op where they live. Business was pretty good on the weekend, but it's getting slower.
We've never seen anything like this hysteria. We went through Sandy, which was more short-term. We only had some flooding. It's scary, but we're lucky that we have such a strong clientele that are willing to come back to us.
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There have been a lot of pickups from customers that we've known for years. We've even had a customer who lives in Florida call my dad to see how he's doing. We have a strong-knit community. Sometimes people have ordered meals just to help us out, which is nice.
From an operating standpoint, we have a lot of expenses. As things go on, people are going to start helping themselves, which makes sense. Almost everyone is in a tight spot, which is peculiar. It's not like we had a fire and people can donate to just us. Every restaurant is struggling.
I've been applying for grants, because my dad doesn't know how to do that stuff. My dad has still been going into the restaurant, and I've been quite frightened because he's 71. He's worked for 53 years and isn't worried about anything. He just has that mentality. But I'm glad for the government regulations. It may hurt us financially, but it limits exposure. We only have one or two kitchen guys still on to help. We're not having anyone inside and are taking credit card information over the phone to limit contact.
We worry about our expenses. I feel for the employees that we've hired. Some of our staff have been with us for 20-plus years. I don't know what's going to happen in the future. We haven't laid anyone off yet. But we employ about 20 people — that's 20 families that we're concerned about, as well.
Obviously, ordering takeout and delivery. We're also launching a GoFundMe to help. And I encourage people to follow the lead of what government officials are saying. The quicker this passes, the quicker we can get back to normal life.
Nanni Ristorante is at 53 W. Passaic St., Rochelle Park; 201-843-1250, nanni.com.
Skate park to be removed and possibly replaced or moved to different locationROCHELLE — At its monthly meeting Monday, the Flagg-Rochelle Community Park District Board of Commissioners discussed potential future capital project park improvements including ideas for the future of the Helms complex, which it is looking at making changes to.Park District Executive Director Jackee Ohlinger said the capital committee has been talking about different changes to the Helms complex including having a different type of play featu...
ROCHELLE — At its monthly meeting Monday, the Flagg-Rochelle Community Park District Board of Commissioners discussed potential future capital project park improvements including ideas for the future of the Helms complex, which it is looking at making changes to.
Park District Executive Director Jackee Ohlinger said the capital committee has been talking about different changes to the Helms complex including having a different type of play feature from other parks, competitive or challenging play such as a fitness or obstacle course, a new trail way through the park, a family comfort station or shelter and restroom, shade opportunities, demolishing and removing the track, enhancing dugouts and bringing in features at other parks such as a beginner disc golf course.
"We definitely have opportunities of making the property more park-esque," Ohlinger said. "And that could be trees as well for along the trails. We were thinking of some sort of trailway through the park and we were hoping to replace the walking track we have now that some people use currently. It could be used for laps and activity and getting from one field to the next."
Ohlinger said the skate park at Cooper Park is likely to be taken down due to safety issues. The skate park was built in 2001 and needs to be removed and doesn't meet today's safety standards, she said. The cost of replacing needed pieces would not be "financially responsible," Ohlinger said.
A social media survey will be presented to the community to see how it feels about replacing the skate park or moving on to a different type of play. The park district is also considering a new skate park at Helms Park.
"I think it would be important to think about this being a good time to move it if we chose to recreate it in a more visible setting," Ohlinger said. "I think it'd be in our best interest to not replace it in its current location. I do think it should be removed before the busy season this summer."
The surface of the skate park has issues with cracks and ramp surfaces have seen issues due to years of use.
The cost of a new skate park can range from $250,000-500,000, Ohlinger said.
A capital project at Memorial Park was discussed that would include the removal of a current play structure due to safety concerns and its replacement with a playground through a grant process which would see the park district receive funding in exchange for information on the users.
"If we're rewarded dollars towards this project, there are certain criteria we need to have such as inclusive play, adult and/or youth fitness, balance and sensory play and things like that included in the design," Ohlinger said. "They would have a sign with a QR code where people could take a quick survey. It should provide us with a nice discount on the equipment and installation of this project."
The park district's current budget for the playground is about $100,000 and the goal is to have it completed within the next nine months.
The REC Center saw its highest numbers of members, attendees in activities and programs and drop ins in January and those numbers were eclipsed by February's, Ohlinger said.
"It's been incredible," Ohlinger said. "That takes a lot of work, effort and communication to accomplish that and it's been a job well done by staff. As of halfway through March, we were at 2,515 members and we've been hitting around 1,200 drop ins per month. Drop ins are non-members that pay a fee to use the facility. It's in addition to the members we already have. There's been a lot of usage here at the REC Center."
Ohlinger said she expected 500 members for the first year of the REC and that the top-end of members would be 2,500.
Ohlinger said work is ongoing on the park district's Lake Sule bank project and about 90 percent of the west side of the lake has been cleared, which she said opens it up for more fishing activities and visibility of the property.
The park district has plans to clear the entire perimeter of the lake and apply chemicals to prevent willow trees and shrubs from growing back.
Board President Tim Hayden said the board is accepting the resignation of Board Member Ryan Tartaglia, who has moved out of the district. Tartaglia will remain on the April 4 ballot because of the time frame. There will be a vacant seat until the April meeting and an appointment process will start.
Ohlinger said the driving range at Skare Park will open on April 1.
ROCHELLE — The Rochelle Park District Wednesday announced CHS Rochelle is donating $20,000 that will be split between the park district’s Engage Program and security upgrades at The REC. The CHS processing plant located at 1900 Steward Road buys corn from area farmers and processes it in to roughly 125 million gallons of ethanol and by-products including distillers dried grains with solubles used by animal feed manufacturers to boost protein content. The plant employs 64 people in a variety of engineering, processing, maintenance...
ROCHELLE — The Rochelle Park District Wednesday announced CHS Rochelle is donating $20,000 that will be split between the park district’s Engage Program and security upgrades at The REC. The CHS processing plant located at 1900 Steward Road buys corn from area farmers and processes it in to roughly 125 million gallons of ethanol and by-products including distillers dried grains with solubles used by animal feed manufacturers to boost protein content. The plant employs 64 people in a variety of engineering, processing, maintenance, safety and support positions.“The donation is one more demonstration of how we work together for shared success and to strengthen our communities,” CHS facility manager Mike Van Houten said.Back in 2014, CHS acquired the plant here in Rochelle. CHS Inc. (www.chsinc.com) is a leading global agribusiness owned by farmers, ranchers and cooperatives across the United States. Diversified in energy, agronomy, grains and foods, CHS is committed to creating connections to empower agriculture, helping its farmer-owners, customers and other stakeholders grow their businesses through its domestic and global operations. CHS supplies energy, crop nutrients, seed, crop protection products, grain marketing services, production and agricultural services, animal nutrition products, foods and food ingredients, and risk management services. The company operates petroleum refineries and pipelines and manufactures, markets and distributes Cenex® brand refined fuels, lubricants, propane and renewable energy products.The park district is thankful to CHS Rochelle for supporting The REC and the Engage Program. The goal of the park district’s Engage Program is to have no individual, from child to senior, be tuned away from recreation programs due to the inability to pay registration fees. The Flagg-Rochelle Community Park District is passionate about encouraging engagement in recreational activities. Activity changes attitudes. Feeling positive about health and wellness will improve behaviors with others as well as development of new skills. The benefits of recreation are endless and strive to impact as many lives as possible. The support from CHS Rochelle will help us continue toward this goal.Construction at The REC has continued throughout this time, and remains on track to be completed in September. Most of the exterior work has been completed and the team has begun work on the interior. The facility will provide for a variety of activities in the 60,000 square foot fieldhouse, a 24-hour state of the art fitness facility and the multipurpose rooms will allow for park district classes, rentals, and events put on by the community.
WHITE PLAINS, NY (January 18, 2023) — Judge William J. Giacomo issued an 11-page decision and order yesterday in the long-running case of City Of New Rochelle, Plaintiff v. Flavio Larocca, Maria Larocca, Flavio La Rocca & Sons, Inc,. a.k.a. F. Larocca & Sons, Inc And FMLR Realty Management, LLC, Defendants (“La Rocca”).The case ...
WHITE PLAINS, NY (January 18, 2023) — Judge William J. Giacomo issued an 11-page decision and order yesterday in the long-running case of City Of New Rochelle, Plaintiff v. Flavio Larocca, Maria Larocca, Flavio La Rocca & Sons, Inc,. a.k.a. F. Larocca & Sons, Inc And FMLR Realty Management, LLC, Defendants (“La Rocca”).
The case can now proceed to trial but without Maria Larocca, individually, as a defendant.
All counterclaims by La Rocca were dismissed.
Some of the claims by the City were dismissed in whole or in part and some remain.
The First through Fifth Causes of Action can go forward on all remaining claims by the City except any claims that La Rocca cut down trees or cleared the land in the First through Third Causes of Action.
The Fourth and Fifth Causes of Action were dismissed in their entirety.
The Sixth Cause of Action can go forward on the claim of encroachment onto Fifth Avenue
Violations of New Rochelle City Code §111-38 can go forward on the claim of encroachment on East Street which could get expensive.
The City claims statutory penalties pursuant to New Rochelle City Code §111-40 of at least $7,500.00, plus $50.00 for each day the encroachment has not been remedied.
The City gave notice La Rocca of the encroachment onto East Street and demanded removal on June 22, 2009 and again on November 18, 2015. Neither notice was acted upon by the La Rocca.
The statutory penalty based on the 2015 notice would be about $135,000; based on 2009 notice about $245,000.
The lawsuit was initiated by the City of New Rochelle on April 1, 2016, for “brazen misappropriation of city property for their private personal and business use and their disregard for the boundaries of the city’s right of way”. La Rocca filed a series of counterclaims.
The dispute centers on three points: (1) the clearing of trees by La Rocca on City-owned parkland referred to in the lawsuit as “the Parcel”, which is part of “Flowers Park” as part of the construction of a parking lot; (2) encroachment by La Rocca from his property on 436 Fifth Avenue onto Fifth Avenue; and (3) encroachment by La Rocca from his property at 436 Fifth Avenue onto East Street, a so-called “paper street”, owned by the City but never designated as a public street and not maintained by the City.
The first point was first raised in a series of articles (“Who is Flavio La Rocca?”) published on Talk of the Sound by Robert Cox. Photos, video and articles by Cox were submitted as evidence and Cox was disposed as a witness to the events on May 6, 2015, when La Rocca and those working for him were observed and recorded working on the parking lot.
The extensive papers, exhibits and background information on the case can be found here:
In his Decision and Order, Judge Giacomo recounts the details (see above) of the case including the “voluminous amounts of exhibits” before stating his conclusions, quoted below:
With regard to defendant Maria LaRocca, the City has agreed to withdraw its First through Fifth Causes of Action against Maria, in her individual capacity.
With regard to the First through Fifth Causes of Action (cutting down trees, clearing land, building a parking lot), against the remaining defendants, the Court finds defendants have demonstrated their entitlement to partial summary judgment.
The plaintiff failed to raise a material triable issue of fact by the submission of admissible evidence, that is not conclusory or speculative, as to whether defendants cut down, removed trees or vegetation, or paved the parcel in question. There is no deposition testimony or any admissible evidence from any witness who testified they personally observed defendants cutting, taking down trees or other vegetation on May 16, 2015.
A review and a plain reading of the four corners of the Complaint clearly indicates allegations that defendants “…entered the Parcel, cut down trees, cleared the land, and created a parking lot” (See First Cause of Action). As to the Second Cause of Action, plaintiff alleges that defendants violated New Rochelle City Ordinance 5301-4 which states it is “…unlawful for any person to remove, destroy, cut, break, climb or injure any tree, plant or shrub on City Property”. The Complaint further alleges that defendants cut down trees, cleared land and constructed a parking lot. The Third Cause of Action alleges that defendants created a parking lot which constitutes a nuisance. The Fourth Cause of Action claims that defendants’ removal of trees and plants on the property constituted conversion of the City’s trees and the Fifth Cause of Action, ie. Violation of Real Property Action and Proceedings Law §861 alleges that defendants cut down and destroyed numerous full-sized, valuable and historic trees, which was deliberate and a violation of the property rights of the City.
The First through Third Causes of Action, any allegations that defendants cut down trees or “cleared the land” are dismissed and the Fourth and Fifth Causes of Action will be dismissed against defendants.
As to the First through Third Causes of Action, the court finds there are issues of fact as to whether defendants “…created a parking lot” or placed stones or other material not previously there. While there is substantial evidence in the record that the Parcel was used as a parking area for years prior to May 2015, the court finds there are issues of fact requiring a trial as to the remaining allegations in the First through Third Causes of Action regarding the parking “lot”.
As to the Sixth Cause of Action, with respect to the alleged encroachments on Fifth Avenue and plaintiffs allegations in the Complaint that they are unlawful, greatly impair the aesthetics and usefulness of Fifth Avenue, are unreasonable and constitute a nuisance, the court finds there are issues of material fact as to those claims, which preclude summary judgment. Thus, this branch of the Sixth Cause of Action should proceed to trial should plaintiff wish to pursue doing so.
As to the alleged encroachment on East Street under City Ordinance §111-38, the City also seeks injunctive relief. While the Complaint states in paragraph fifty (50) that East Street is “controlled and maintained by plaintiff’, there is nothing in the record that supports that contention. By all accounts, the City has never maintained that street. A street that is located within a municipality’s geographical limits may become a city street “…either by dedication or use.” There must also be “…some formal act on the part of the relevant public authorities…coupled with a showing that the road was kept in repair or taken in charge by public authorities” Therefore, there is nothing in the record before the court demonstrating that East Street is a public road, even if included on a tap map or issuance of building permits or certificates of occupancy. However, here there is no dispute that the City has a fee interest in East Road. After considering the foregoing, the Court finds there is a material issue of fact as to whether New Rochelle City Code 5111-38 applies to East Street, requiring a trial.
As to plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment pertaining to defendants’ counterclaims, there are issues of fact as to whether defendants abandoned the jersey barriers and as to money expended by defendants to maintain East Street. Nevertheless, defendants’ failure to file a Notice of Claim is fatal to their counterclaims and the court is constrained to dismiss them.