Testosterone is a crucial hormone for men and plays an important role throughout the male lifespan. Most of a male's testosterone is produced through the testicles. Also called the male sex hormone, testosterone starts playing its part during puberty.
When a male goes through puberty, testosterone helps males develop:
As boys turn to men and men grow older, testosterone levels deplete naturally. Sometimes, events like injuries and chronic health conditions like diabetes can lower testosterone levels. Unfortunately, when a man loses too much T, it results in hypogonadism. When this happens, the testosterone must be replaced, or the male will suffer from symptoms like muscle loss, low libido, and even depression.
TRT is exactly what it sounds like: a treatment option for men that replaces testosterone so that your body regulates hormones properly and restores balance to your life. Also called androgen replacement therapy, TRT alleviates the symptoms that men experience with low T.
Originally lab-synthesized in 1935, testosterone has grown in popularity since it was produced. Today, TRT and other testosterone treatments are among the most popular prescriptions in the U.S.
Without getting too deep into the science, TRT works by giving your body the essential testosterone it needs to function correctly. As the primary androgen for both males and females, testosterone impacts many of the body's natural processes â especially those needed for overall health. For example, men with low T are more prone to serious problems like cardiovascular disease and even type-2 diabetes.
When your body quits making enough testosterone, it causes your health to suffer until a solution is presented. That's where TRT and anti-aging medicine for men can help. TRT helps balance your hormones and replenish your depleted testosterone. With time, your body will begin to heal, and many symptoms like low libido and irritability begin to diminish.
For men, aging is the biggest contributor to lower testosterone levels, though there are other causes like obesity, drug abuse, testicular injuries, and certain prescribed medications. Sometimes, long-term health conditions like AIDS, cirrhosis of the liver, and kidney disease can lower testosterone levels.
When a man's testosterone levels drop significantly, it alters his body's ratio of estrogen and testosterone. Lower testosterone levels cause more abdominal fat, which in turn results in increased aromatase, which converts even more testosterone into estrogen.
If you're concerned that you might have low T, you're not alone. Millions of men in the U.S. feel the same way. The best way to find out if your testosterone is low is to get your levels tested.
For sustainable testosterone replacement therapy benefits, you must consult with hormone doctors and experts like those you can find at Global Life Rejuvenation. That way, you can find the root cause of your hormone problems, and our team can craft a personalized HRT plan tailored to your needs.
One of the most common reasons that men choose TRT is because they have lost that "spark" with their partner. It's not easy for a man to hear that they're not performing like they used to. Intimacy is a powerful part of any relationship. When a once-healthy sex life dwindles, it can cause serious relationship issues.
The good news is that low libido doesn't have to be a permanent problem. TRT and anti-aging medicines help revert hormone levels back into their normal range. When this happens, many men have a more enjoyable life full of intimacy and sex drive.
Weak erections â it's an uncomfortable subject for many men in the U.S. to talk about. It's even worse to experience first-hand. You're in the midst of an intimate moment, and you can't do your part. Despite being perfectly normal, many men put blame and shame upon themselves when they can't achieve an erection. And while the inability to perform sexually can be caused by poor diet, obesity, and chronic health conditions, low testosterone is often a contributing factor.
Fortunately, weak erections are a treatable condition. The best way to regain your confidence and ability in bed is to speak with your doctor. Once any underlying conditions are discovered, options like TRT may be the best course of treatment.
Do you find it harder and harder to work out and lift weights in the gym? Are you having problems lifting heavy items that you once had no problem lifting?
Recent studies show that when men are inactive, they lose .5% of muscle strength every year, from ages 25 to 60. After 60, muscle loss doubles every decade. While some muscle loss is common as men age, a significant portion can be tied to low testosterone levels. When a man's T levels drop, so does his muscle mass.
Testosterone is a much-needed component used in gaining and retaining muscle mass. That's why many doctors prescribe TRT Tenafly, NJ, for men having problems with strength. One recent study found that men who increased their testosterone levels using TRT gained as much as 2.5 pounds of muscle mass.
Whether your gym performance is lacking, or you can't lift heavy items like you used to, don't blame it all on age. You could be suffering from hypogonadism.
If you're like millions of other men in their late 20s and 30s, dealing with hair loss is a reality you don't want to face. Closely related to testosterone decline and hormone imbalances, hair loss is distressing for many men. This common symptom is often related to a derivative of testosterone called DHT. Excess amounts of DHT cause hair follicles to halt their production, causing follicles to die.
Because hair located at the front and crown is more sensitive to DHT, it grows slower than other follicles and eventually stops growing permanently. Thankfully, TRT and anti-aging treatments for men in Tenafly, NJ, is now available to address hair loss for good.
While it's true that you can't change your genes, you can change the effects of low testosterone on your body. Whether you're suffering from thinning hair or hair loss across your entire head, TRT and other hormone therapies can stop hair loss and even reverse the process.
Also called "man boobs," gynecomastia is essentially the enlargement of male breast tissue. This increase in fatty tissue is often caused by hormonal imbalances and an increase in estrogen. For men, estrogen levels are elevated during andropause. Also called male menopause, andropause usually happens because of a lack of testosterone.
If you're a man between the ages of 40 and 55, and you're embarrassed by having large breasts, don't lose hope. TRT is a safe, effective way to eliminate the underlying cause of gynecomastia without invasive surgery. With a custom HRT and fitness program, you can bring your testosterone and estrogen levels back to normal before you know it.
Decreased energy was once considered a normal part of aging. Today, many doctors know better. Advances in technology and our understanding of testosterone show that low T and lack of energy often go hand-in-hand.
If you're struggling to enjoy activities like playing with your kids or hiking in a park due to lack of energy, it could be a sign of low T. Of course, getting tired is perfectly normal for any man. But if you're suffering from continual fatigue, a lack of enjoyment, or a decrease in energy, it might be time to speak with a doctor.
Whether you're having a tough time getting through your day or can't finish activities you used to love, TRT could help.
A study from 2011 showed that men who lose a week's worth of sleep can experience lowered testosterone levels â as much as 15%, according to experts. Additional research into the topic found almost 15% of workers only get five hours of sleep (or less) per night. These findings suggest that sleep loss negatively impacts T levels and wellbeing.
The bottom line is that men who have trouble sleeping often suffer from lower testosterone levels as a result. If you find yourself exhausted at the end of the day but toss and turn all night long, you might have low T.
TRT and anti-aging medicines can restore your T levels back to normal, which can help you sleep better with proper diet and exercise.
You're feeling down about everything, and there's no solid explanation for why you're in such a crummy mood. Your daily life is great and full of success, but you can't help but feel unexcited and unmotivated. If you're experiencing symptoms like these, you may be depressed â and it may stem from low testosterone.
A research study from Munich found that men with depression also commonly had low testosterone levels. This same study also found that depressed men had cortisol levels that were 67% higher than other men. Because higher cortisol levels lead to lower levels of testosterone, the chances of severe depression increase.
Depression is a very real disorder and should always be diagnosed and treated by your doctor. One treatment option gaining in popularity is TRT for depression. Studies show that when TRT is used to restore hormone levels, men enjoy a lighter, more improved mood. That's great news for men who are depressed and have not had success with other treatments like anti-depression medicines, which alter the brain's chemistry.
Ask anyone over the age of 50 how their memory is, and they'll tell you it wasn't what it used to be. Memory loss and lack of concentration occur naturally as we age â these aren't always signs of dementia or Alzheimer's.
However, what many men consider a symptom of age may be caused by low testosterone. A 2006 study found that males with low T levels performed poorly on cognitive skill tests. These results suggest that low testosterone may play a part in reducing cognitive ability. If you're having trouble staying on task or remembering what your schedule is for the day, it might not be due to your age. It might be because your testosterone levels are too low. If you're having trouble concentrating or remembering daily tasks, it could be time to talk to your doctor.
Why? The aforementioned study found that participating men experienced improved cognitive skills when using TRT.
Even though today's society is more inclusive of large people, few adults enjoy gaining weight as they age. Despite their best efforts, many men just can't shed the extra pounds around their midsections, increasing their risk of heart disease and cancer.
Often, male weight gain is caused by hormone imbalances that slow the metabolism and cause weight to pile on. This phase of life is called andropause and happens when there is a lack of testosterone in the body. Couple that with high cortisol levels, and you've got a recipe for flabby guts and double chins.
Fortunately, TRT treatments and physician-led weight loss programs can correct hormone imbalances and lead to healthy weight loss for men.
Sermorelin is a synthetic hormone peptide, like GHRH, which triggers the release of growth hormones. When used under the care of a qualified physician, Sermorelin can help you lose weight, increase your energy levels, and help you feel much younger.
Human growth hormone (HGH) therapy has been used for years to treat hormone deficiencies. Unlike HGH, which directly replaces declining human growth hormone levels, Sermorelin addresses the underlying cause of decreased HGH, stimulating the pituitary gland naturally. This approach keeps the mechanisms of growth hormone production active.
Benefits of Sermorelin include:
Ipamorelin helps to release growth hormones in a person's body by mimicking a peptide called ghrelin. Ghrelin is one of three hormones which work together to regulate the growth hormone levels released by the pituitary gland. Because Ipamorelin stimulates the body to produce growth hormone, your body won't stop its natural growth hormone production, which occurs with synthetic HGH.
Ipamorelin causes growth hormone secretion that resembles natural release patterns rather than being constantly elevated from HGH. Because ipamorelin stimulates the natural production of growth hormone, our patients can use this treatment long-term with fewer health risks.
One of the biggest benefits of Ipamorelin is that it is suitable for both men and women. It provides significant short and long-term benefits in age management therapies, boosting patients' overall health, wellbeing, and outlook on life. When growth hormone is produced by the pituitary gland using Ipamorelin, clients report amazing benefits.
Some of those benefits include:
Whether you are considering our TRT services, HRT for women, or our growth hormone peptide services, we are here to help. The first step to turning back the hand of time starts by contacting Global Life Rejuvenation.
Our friendly, knowledgeable TRT and HRT experts can help answer your questions and walk you through our procedures. From there, we'll figure out which treatments are right for you. Before you know it, you'll be well on your way to looking and feeling better than you have in years!973-587-8638
The end of the school year is an exciting time for many.There’s also a lot of prep and planning for those final days.You’re also not paying attention to the final instructions towards the end of the year. Especially if you are a senior.You’re ready, you’re ready to get out and enjoy the summer with friends. You’re ready to go on that summer trip with the family.Let’s be honest here, you’re done with the year, but, what if, an unexpected twist hits your end-of-the-year plan...
The end of the school year is an exciting time for many.
There’s also a lot of prep and planning for those final days.
You’re also not paying attention to the final instructions towards the end of the year. Especially if you are a senior.
You’re ready, you’re ready to get out and enjoy the summer with friends. You’re ready to go on that summer trip with the family.
Let’s be honest here, you’re done with the year, but, what if, an unexpected twist hits your end-of-the-year plans.
Many students are preparing for finals. Remember those? The stress, the nonstop cramming, ‘trying to learn everything you should have learned over the course of the school year (or semester) in one-night panic.
What if, out of nowhere, you didn’t have to take them? You’d probably be excited, and a little confused but it happened.
According to a report done by Jackie Roman from NJ.com, their computer systems were hacked with ransomware and the attack took down Tenafly Public schools and Bergen County. This forced the district to cancel the finals.
In short, it's a computer virus that will hijack your entire system. It will take all the files, from your precious photos, important documents, and programs, then lock them so you cannot access them. Then, you will usually be prompted to pay a certain amount, that's where the ransom comes in, to get a "key" to unlock your files. Depending on the situation, you may actually have to do this.
Listen, if this was our class, especially senior year, we would have been celebrating.
According to the report, there is no responsible party at this time.
“It’s unclear who is responsible for the ransomware attack in Tenafly or how much money they requested.”
So, to me, this doesn’t sound like some kid trying to get out of taking a test. This almost seems too sophisticated for that, but then again, kids nowadays are clever.
For the record, and for someone who graduated in the early 2000s, I was a little offended when they referenced how the school had to go “back to basics.” That's literally all we had in high school.
Pens, paper, pencils, and a row of computers that didn't work anyway. No need for a hacker. They just didn't work.
I don’t know about you, but that was all we had back in the day. Yes, I just said back in the day. A whole 20 years ago.
You can knock us down, but we’ll get right back up!In true Jersey fashion, the mayor of Tenafly knows the Garden State never plays second fiddle to New York—even if his town’s newest A-list resident, the rapper Cardi B, recently told fans she was moving to the Empire State when, in reality, she was packing her bags for New Jersey.“New York, New Jersey…I don’t consider [Cardi’s remark] any sort of slight,” Tenafly Mayor Mark Zinna tells New Jersey Monthly. “It&rsquo...
You can knock us down, but we’ll get right back up!
In true Jersey fashion, the mayor of Tenafly knows the Garden State never plays second fiddle to New York—even if his town’s newest A-list resident, the rapper Cardi B, recently told fans she was moving to the Empire State when, in reality, she was packing her bags for New Jersey.
“New York, New Jersey…I don’t consider [Cardi’s remark] any sort of slight,” Tenafly Mayor Mark Zinna tells New Jersey Monthly. “It’s the greater New York City metropolitan area.”
Cardi, who was born and raised in the Bronx, announced to fans this fall that she’d purchased a home in her native New York, posting a photo and details of the swanky pad on Instagram. “Me and my husband have always dreamed of having a crib in NY, and we have decided to add to our portfolio of homes, along with Atlanta and LA,” she wrote on Instagram. “Now having a home in NY, I can have get togethers with my family all the time!!
But the New York Post later revealed that Cardi’s pad was actually a $5.85 million, nine-bedroom mansion across the Hudson in Tenafly, which includes amenities like an elevator, a saltwater pool, a tennis court, a movie theater and a gym.
Dis or not, Cardi, 29, is clearly a fan of the Bergen County town, located less than 15 miles from Manhattan. As for what Cardi should put on her Tenafly to-do list, Zinna recommends the 400-acre Nature Center—which she and hubby Offset can explore with their two young kids—and an “excellent” restaurant scene that includes spots like Tenafly Kosher Deli, which Zinna says serves “fantastic pastrami sandwiches,” and Axia Taverna, a date-night favorite for Zinna and his wife.
Zinna says he plans to reach out to the celebrity couple, like he does all new residents.
Hopefully Cardi and Offset, 30, will find happiness in New Jersey. The rappers have been married since 2017 but have had their share of relationship troubles over the years after he was accused of cheating. Cardi filed for divorce in September 2020, though she called off the divorce filing just two months later.
The stars are parents to a 3-year-old daughter named Kulture and a 4-month-old son, whose name the couple has not yet revealed to the world.
New Jersey Monthly has reached out to Cardi’s team for comment.
FRANKLIN LAKES — Ramapo has succeeded far beyond expectations for a team that starts three sophomores and has a new coach.The top-seeded Green Raiders captured the North 1, Group 3 boys basketball title with Tuesday's 58-47 victory over No. 2 seed Tenafly.Junior Nate Burleson scored a team-high 20 points and sophomore Peyton Seals scored 16 as Ramapo took the lead late in the first quarter and held it for the final three quarters.“We thought as a team we played well, and we got it done,” ...
FRANKLIN LAKES — Ramapo has succeeded far beyond expectations for a team that starts three sophomores and has a new coach.
The top-seeded Green Raiders captured the North 1, Group 3 boys basketball title with Tuesday's 58-47 victory over No. 2 seed Tenafly.
Junior Nate Burleson scored a team-high 20 points and sophomore Peyton Seals scored 16 as Ramapo took the lead late in the first quarter and held it for the final three quarters.
“We thought as a team we played well, and we got it done,” Burleson said.
Grant Sloan, the lone senior in the starting lineup, scored 11, while sophomore Wyatt Eglinton Manner chipped in nine.
“Even though we’re an inexperienced group and we’re real young, we’re a real close group and we’ve got good chemistry," Seals said. "We’re good friends off the court and we really just want the best for each other and we all want to win.”
Senior John Celli led Tenafly with a game-high 22 points. Sophomore Reilly Benowitz scored all nine in the second half, including a 3-pointer to cut the deficit to 45-42.
In Tenafly's biggest game in decades, Celli scored 11 in the fourth, including a post-up to pull the Tigers within 39-37 and trigger a Ramapo timeout with 6:47 left to play.
“My guys, they could have come in here and laid an egg, and I think we battled,” Tenafly coach Jeff Koehler said.
Ramapo responded to Tenafly's run by turning a block and a steal into transition baskets. Burleson and Sloan each scored in transition to boost the lead to 43-37 before Celli scored to cut it to 43-39.
“I knew they were going to be tough,” Ramapo coach Nick Vier said of Tenafly. “I knew they weren’t going to go away, no matter where we got in the game, and they made their run, and I’m just super proud of my guys for being resilient and having the composure to handle that run and go on one of our own.”
Ramapo (22-6) advances to Thursday’s State Group 3 semifinal at 7 p.m. at Phillipsburg and will face the North 2 champion, Colonia.
The Green Raiders last won a sectional in 2019, when Vier was an assistant under Joe Sandberg. They defeated Colonia in the semifinals, 35-32, before losing in the NJSIAA final to Moorestown, 58-44.
“I know one thing – we’re not going to be intimated,” Vier said. “As young as we are, we went at Bergen Catholic [a 77-69 loss in the Bergen Jamboree semifinals] and didn’t back down from them. We didn’t defer in any of these games, the playoffs, or back down from any of these opponents. I know we’re going to have a tough opponent, and I know we’re going to come and bring it.”
Burleson was Mr. Consistency, scoring two baskets in each quarter en route to his team-high 20. Burleson, who transferred from Don Bosco to Ramapo after the football season, was a key edition to the Green Raiders. He is athletic, can shoot 3-pointers and score in transition.
“Nate was a late gift to us,” Vier said of Burleson, whose father, Nate, played more than a decade in the NFL and was in attendance. “And he was really a difference for us, not just tonight, but all season.”
Tenafly (20-5) was disciplined and absolutely fantastic on inbounds plays. The Tigers scored on at least five inbounds plays, with Celli scoring twice on them in the first quarter to provide their biggest lead, 8-5. Benowitz’ 3-pointer that cut the deficit to 45-42 also came on an inbounds plays.
“We had a great run,” Koehler said. “Our fan-base energized the school and hopefully the town and the community is proud of us.”
“Nick is a first-year coach, but he’s a great coach, and he’s been in the program,” Seals said. “He’s known a lot of the guys for many years. I’ve known him since I was a little kid, so there’s really no drop-off. We knew we were going to carry on what the previous team’s had.”
Greg Mattura is a sports reporter for NorthJersey.com. For full access to live scores, breaking news and analysis from our Varsity Aces team, subscribe today. To get breaking news directly to your phone, sign up for our newsletter and download our app.
NEWARK, N.J. – A former New Jersey resident was sentenced today to 29 months in prison for his role in an investment scheme through which he fraudulently obtained more than $1.52 million from at least three families from 2017 through 2019, U.S. Attorney Philip R. Sellinger announced.Matthew Benjamin, 54, formerly of Englewood, New Jersey, and now of New York, previously pleaded guilty before U.S. District Judge Claire C. Cecchi to an information charging him with one count of wire fraud and one count of securities fraud. Judge C...
NEWARK, N.J. – A former New Jersey resident was sentenced today to 29 months in prison for his role in an investment scheme through which he fraudulently obtained more than $1.52 million from at least three families from 2017 through 2019, U.S. Attorney Philip R. Sellinger announced.
Matthew Benjamin, 54, formerly of Englewood, New Jersey, and now of New York, previously pleaded guilty before U.S. District Judge Claire C. Cecchi to an information charging him with one count of wire fraud and one count of securities fraud. Judge Cecchi imposed the sentence today in Newark federal court.
According to documents filed in this case and statements made in court:
From May 2017 through August 2019, Benjamin falsely represented to at least three families that his company, Clear Solutions Group LLC, had lucrative contracts to purchase closeout or excess cosmetic inventory from a company, which he would then resell at a mark-up to a second company. Benjamin told the victims that he had access to these closeout goods through his contacts in the cosmetics and fragrance industry, which he purportedly made through his work at his family’s cosmetic wholesale and distribution business prior to starting Clear Solutions Group. Benjamin induced the victims to provide him with money to purchase the inventory from the first company and promised significant profits in return. Instead of investing the money as he promised, Benjamin misappropriated the investors’ money for his own use and benefit.
Benjamin provided the victims with falsified documents, including fake purchase orders, invoices, promissory notes and bank records showing inflated assets of Clear Solutions Group. To lull victims and induce them to continue investing, Benjamin provided them with documents that purported to detail the investors’ profits.
Benjamin misrepresented to certain investors that portions of their profits on the investment contracts were being reinvested in additional deals to purchase and sell cosmetics, which in turn would generate more profits. From time to time, Benjamin made payments to the investors that were purportedly their profits on certain cosmetics contracts.
In reality, Benjamin misappropriated the investors’ money by making payments to other investors in Clear Solutions Group, which were characterized as those investors’ profits from the nonexistent cosmetic contracts, thereby enabling Benjamin to continue to perpetuate his fraudulent scheme and funding Benjamin’s lifestyle, including paying for car and house rental payments, food, international travel, legal fees, technology equipment, and summer camp tuition for his family members.
In addition to the prison term, Judge Cecchi sentenced Benjamin to three years of supervised release and ordered forfeiture of $1.53 million and restitution of $909,539.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission has filed a civil complaint against Benjamin based on allegations underlying the securities fraud charge.
U.S. Attorney Sellinger credited special agents of the FBI, under the direction of Special Agent in Charge George M. Crouch Jr. in Newark, with the investigation leading to today’s sentencing.
The government is represented by Assistant U.S. Attorney Jennifer S. Kozar and Catherine R. Murphy, Chief of the Economic Crimes Unit of the U.S. Attorney’s Office.
An extra half-hour or more of sleep in the morning is a possibility for New Jersey's high school students if legislation introduced last week gains enough support.The bill calls for a later start time for the school day to boost mental health and wellness among teenagers, said its sponsors, Assembly Speaker Craig Coughlin, D-Middlesex, and Sen. Vin Gopal, D-Monmouth, chair of the Education Committee.The bill calls for a start time of 8:30 a.m. or later. Currently, most state high schools have a starting time betw...
An extra half-hour or more of sleep in the morning is a possibility for New Jersey's high school students if legislation introduced last week gains enough support.
The bill calls for a later start time for the school day to boost mental health and wellness among teenagers, said its sponsors, Assembly Speaker Craig Coughlin, D-Middlesex, and Sen. Vin Gopal, D-Monmouth, chair of the Education Committee.
The bill calls for a start time of 8:30 a.m. or later. Currently, most state high schools have a starting time between 7:20 and 7:40 a.m.
Research shows teenagers tend to fall asleep around 11 p.m. and are more likely to suffer depression and anxiety if they do not get enough sleep.
Some districts have already made the change to start the school day later in the morning.
Tenafly High School made the change in 2019 and begins four out of the five days per week at 8:10 a.m. and the fifth day at 8:30 a.m. The Millburn district pushed its start time later by 20 and 25 minutes for an 8 a.m. start for the middle and high schools last September. Last month, Chatham school officials decided to push the start time for their high school and elementary schools to later in the morning starting next school year.
Ridgewood High School considered switching to a later start, but it has held off making a decision. Princeton and South Orange/Maplewood high schools switched to later start times in 2018 and 2017 respectively. A spokesperson for Tenafly school district said West Caldwell district had consulted with them three years ago and shifted their start times.
The legislation comes on the heels of the pandemic, whose impact on students' social and emotional health has become a concern. The New Jersey Department of Children and Families' hotline received more than 14,000 calls from parents and youth seeking help in February, the highest number recorded in its history, with more calls expected in March. The state run Children's System of Care sent 4,201 mobile dispatch units to families and youth needing urgent care to address mental health needs, compared to 2,582 dispatches during the same period last year. The youth mental health crisis is a "parallel pandemic," Christine Breyer, commissioner of the department, said at a hearing in the Senate in March.
The spotlight on mental health, and previous research that proves teenagers tend to feel sleepy two to three hours later than adults, and that late school starts resulted in better grades and improved wellness, paved the way for lawmakers to introduce the legislation.
"This has been suggested for a while, but what really brought it to the forefront is the fact that we have a growing crisis of young people who face mental health challenges in part because of the pandemic," Coughlin told The Record/NorthJersey.com.
State lawmakers have been aware of the need for later start times for years, Coughlin said. In 2019, districts were invited to participate in a later start time pilot study. When the pandemic hit in early 2020, schools switched to remote learning and the pilot study was not implemented.
However, remote learning and adjusted school schedules during the pandemic gave staff and students a taste of what it would be like to have a late start, adding impetus to the effort of making those schedule changes permanent.
“Nothing has proven school districts are capable of making rapid changes to adapt and optimize student learning more than the pandemic,” Coughlin said, noting that this moment in time was also the best window to propose a law that would apply to all public high schools, which have already demonstrated flexibility in the face of change.
"There is that biological shift in teenagers' circadian rhythms that are very different from kids or adults. They have a two- to three-hour phased-in delay when they fall asleep and when they wake up," said Dr. Bert Mandelbaum, chair of the New Jersey branch of the American Academy of Pediatrics.
'Moment of crisis':Wayne Valley students to be instructed in mental health first aid
Making teenagers wake up at 6 a.m. to be in school by 7:20 a.m. for seven or eight years of their lives makes them sleep-deprived, Mandelbaum said. He runs a voluntary, grassroots task force on school and sleep start times, and has been advocating for later high school start times in the state for five years.
The American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have all made policy statements recommending start times of 8:30 a.m. or later for teenagers.
Mandelbaum said he has been invited to school districts to make presentations that demonstrate the science behind later start times, but logistical and cost issues often got in the way of decision-makers. He welcomed the legislation proposed by Coughlin and Gopal because it would require all schools to change and make necessary adjustments such as tightening bus routes in districts that share buses for elementary schools and higher.
Transportation obstacles were the most serious logistical problem faced by districts interested in a later start time. After-school conflicts arose especially for athletic events between schools with different start and end times. Mandelbaum said these problems created the need for legislation to smooth things out.
"We are hearing from our middle and high school students that even this half-hour change has been a great benefit to them," said Millburn High School's spokesperson, Nancy Dries. The school moved start times back by about a half-hour to start middle and high school at 8 a.m. when school reopened in September after the pandemic. Dries said the 8 a.m. shift is not as ideal as 8:30, and that the school is "very interested to see what comes out of Trenton."
Nobody has argued the science behind changing start times, said Mandelbaum, meaning that implementing this change is the real hurdle. He said the state's largest teachers' union, the New Jersey Education Association (NJEA), has a representative on the task force, as does the New Jersey School Boards Association and the New Jersey School Nurses Association. He said Gopal will be meeting with the task force next week.
The NJEA said it has not reviewed the bill or issued a formal statement about it, but is open to the idea.
"We are well aware of a large body of research that indicates that later start times would be physiologically and academically beneficial to many teenagers. We believe that any reform that might benefit students is well worth considering and implementing," NJEA spokesperson Steven Baker said in a statement.
Mary Ann Koruth covers education for NorthJersey.com. To get unlimited access to the latest news about New Jersey's schools and how it affects your children, please subscribe or activate your digital account today.